Good for the Soil and the Soul

Yard and food-waste composting is the natural process of decay of organic materials. Backyard composting simply helps the natural process that would take place whether or not we did anything! Backyard composting is helping nature do what it has always done — every organism’s waste is another organism’s food. And it’s rewarding.

Not only is it less expensive to compost yard and food waste than to haul it away as garbage, it is important to keep yard and food waste out of landfills. In covered landfills, the decay process of yard and food waste is anaerobic and produces methane gas, which can be a significant problem for lined landfills.

Download Our Composting Brochures

Waste Wise Volunteers offer several informative brochures on how to compost. To view and print PDF files of the brochures, click on the links. Or, e-mail your request for a copy of the brochures to Waste Wise at

     Note: animal waste is not to be flushed down toilets in Island County

Composting Demonstration Sites

There are three composting demonstration sites located on Whidbey Island. the central Whidbey site is located in the woods behind Admiralty Head Lighthouse on the grounds of Fort Casey, where the Waste Wise program is headquartered. Northend site is located at the Public Works complex outside the fence next to the parking area. The southend site is at the Good Cheer Community Garden at Bayview. The public may view several types of composting systems in action and consider the pros and cons of each.

There is a demonstration worm bin at the Camano Transfer Station.

Food Waste Composting

Food waste is an excellent source of nutrients for compost but must be handled with care to avoid attracting rodents. Most, but not all, food waste may be composted. Do not compost meat, greases, fats or dairy products.

The three main ways to compost food waste are:

  • Vermiculture (worm bins). Download our brochures: Worm Composting Basics and How to Build the Tilth Worm Composting Bin.
  • Home-made food waste compster. To make your own in-ground, food-waste composter, punch holes in an old metal garbage can and bury it in the ground with just the top several inches and the metal lid exposed above ground level. Download our brochure: Homemade Food Waste Composter.
  • Bury food waste in the garden. Food waste also may be buried directly in the garden. It should be buried in a hole or trench covered by at least 8 – 12 inches of soil, no nearer than 100 feet of a well, water source, stream or pond.

Where to Take Yard Waste

For those not able to compost their own yard waste, three locations on Whidbey Island will accept it.

  • Coupeville. The transfer station will accept yard waste on-site for a fee.
  • Langley. The water treatment plant will accept yard waste, provided that a ticket for disposal has been purchased at Langley Town Hall.
  • Oak Harbor. Mailliard Landing, a private business, also will accept yard waste and do the composting for a fee.