Precautions in Using Pesticides
This publication lists and describes the control measures suggested for control of the more common injurious pests normally encountered. The pesticide recommendations are based on research by scientists of Washington State University, the USDA, and by other agencies. Those suggested are considered safe to use (when directions on label are followed carefully) and known to be effective.
In many cases, additional information on description of the pests, their damage, their life cycles, and their control may be desired. If your problem goes beyond the scope of this discussion, you can get additional help from your county Extension agent, from the Department of Entomology or Plant Pathology, Washington State University, Pullman, or accessing HortSense on-line (http://pep.wsu.edu/hortsense). Remember, not all insects are pests. Many are either beneficial or harmless. Be sure you have a real pest problem before you employ pesticides.
Pesticides can be poisonous to people and animals. Use them only when needed and handle them with care. Follow the directions and heed all precautions on the label.
Keep pesticides in closed, well-labeled containers in a dry place. Store them where they will not contaminate food or feed, and preferably in locked storage where children and animals cannot reach them.
Avoid contact with pesticides. If any are spilled on skin or clothing, wash them off the skin thoroughly with soap and water and change clothing immediately. Wash contaminated clothing separately from all other clothes.
Avoid inhalation of pesticide dusts or mists.
When handling pesticides, wear clean, dry clothing.
Wash your hands and face before eating or smoking and immediately after completing pesticide application.
To protect fish and wildlife, do not contaminate lakes, streams, or ponds with pesticides. Do not clean spraying equipment or dump excess spray material near such water.
Dispose of empty, properly rinsed pesticide containers at a sanitary landfill dump. A pesticide container is considered properly rinsed when the empty container has been rinsed three times. Add rinse water to the spray tank and then add water
Pests Not on Product Label
Some suggested uses of pesticides in this publication are for pests not listed on product labels. These are indicated by the symbol Ä. Such uses comply with the federal law (FIFRA) which says a use is consistent with label directions provided the crop or site is on the label and directions concerning rates and interval before harvest are followed.
Home Spraying Schedules
These spray schedules are recommended in order to achieve maximum disease and insect control with materials available to the homeowner. An ability to diagnose problems early in their developing stages, or an awareness of important weather patterns are also helpful in controlling pests. Information concerning the life cycles for specific diseases and insects is available at your county Extension office and on-line in HortSense.
As a precaution against improper use of a pesticide, read and follow label directions prior to making an application. Be sure the crop is listed on the label.