Impact Report: WSU Extension Diabetes Prevention Program

← Impact Report Library

WSU Extension Diabetes Prevention Program

By The Numbers

  • People with prediabetes, an elevated blood glucose level not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes, are 5 to 15 times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than those with normal blood glucose levels. In fact, many will be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes within 3 years.
  • 73 Diabetes Prevention Programs series have been completed.
  • Since 2013, 636 people completed the WSU Diabetes Prevention program and were successful in making lifestyle changes to reduce their risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
  • The Diabetes Prevention Program is 16 one-hour sessions and 6 monthly follow-up sessions.
  • From June 2013 to June 2016, $131,284 in income was generated to cover costs of DPP delivery, making it a self-sustaining program.

2016

Issue

More than one-third of Washington adults, about 1.87 million people, have prediabetes, and most of them do not know it. Eleven percent of people with prediabetes will develop type 2 diabetes within 3 years. Type 2 diabetes is a preventable but serious condition that can lead to a number of health issues, including heart attack, stroke, blindness, kidney failure, or loss of toes, feet, or legs.

One in five U.S. health care dollars is now spent treating individuals with a diagnosis of diabetes. In Washington, as of 2012, direct medical expenditures for diabetes were $3.76 billion annually. Costs are expected to increase to $5.39 billion annually in 10 years (2012 dollars). Nationwide implementation of this program could save the U.S. health care system $5.7 billion and prevent about 885,000 future cases of type 2 diabetes.

On a personal level, people with diagnosed diabetes incur about $13,700 in annual medical expenditures on average; $7,900 attributed directly to diabetes.

Research shows that modest behavior changes, such as making better food choices and increasing physical activity, reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 58% in people at high risk for developing this disease.

Response

Washington State University Extension collaborated with the Diabetes Prevention and Control Alliance (DPCA), Washington State Department of Health, and Washington State Health Care Authority to bring the National Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) to communities around Washington.

National DPP is based on a research study led by the National Institutes of Health and supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which showed that participants who lost 5% to 7% of their body weight (10 to 14 pounds for a 200-pound person) by making modest changes, reduced their risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 58%.

Participants meet as a group with a trained lifestyle coach and learn how to make important changes during 16 weekly classes and 6 monthly follow-up sessions. Trained lifestyle coaches facilitate group discussion and coach participants to make key behavior changes to support weight loss and reduce diabetes risk including: making healthful eating choices, increasing fruit and vegetable intake, and adopting physically active lifestyles. » More …

Impact Report: Ideas for Healthy Living

← Impact Report Library

Ideas for Healthy Living

By The Numbers

  • Provided 53 health and wellness classes, 18 food preparation demonstrations, 7 community events, and 3 diabetes prevention series.
  • Provided 212 hours of facilitated learning to individuals throughout Skagit County.

In 2015 IFHL program efforts reached wide and diverse audiences by:

  • Demonstrating more than 20 different nutritious recipes in Skagit County to low-income audiences using local, seasonal food.
  • Providing health and wellness classes to more than 400 individuals in the community.
  • Engaging 33 individuals at risk for developing type 2 diabetes in the Center for Disease Control Diabetes Prevention Program.
  • Promoting physical activity and healthy hydration to more than 1,000 individuals with interactive displays including our “Blender Bike/Re-Think Your Drink” display and “Eating A Rainbow of Color” display and presentation.

2016

Issue

The health and well-being of a changing society is a critical concern for Skagit County and lack of access to healthy food is one contributing factor to the health status of community members. A recent community health needs assessment identified excessive weight, obesity, and improving nutrition (fruit and vegetable consumption) as priorities. While the Skagit Valley is a rich agricultural area, access to food is difficult for many county residents. It is estimated that 1 in 9 households experience food insecurity, including the 27% of households with children who struggle to put food on the table. The Department of Health chronic disease profile of Skagit County reports that 27% of adults, and 13% of 10th graders are overweight. Only 25% of adults consume the recommended 5-9 servings of fruits and vegetables per day, and just 1 in 10 youth report eating more than 1 serving of fruits and vegetables daily.

Response

The Ideas for Healthy Living (IFHL) program at Skagit County WSU Extension has designed interactive learning experiences for each step along the consumer food pathway – selection and purchase, growing and harvesting, preparing and cooking, storage and waste reduction, and movement and physical activity. Choosing healthy foods no matter where someone shops, whether at the supermarket, corner store, farmers market or food bank, is promoted through supermarket tours, recipe tastings, and educational displays. Culinary skills needed to prepare easy and delicious meals are presented in small, group classes for young and old alike. A food safety and food preservation advice phone line, instructional classes, and handouts present best-practices for preserving food, and information on how to reduce food waste and incidence of food-borne illness. Promoting healthy habits to reduce the risk of chronic disease and help maintain a healthy weight occurs in small, group meetings, after-school programs, early learning centers, and at health fairs. Skagit County WSU Extension incorporates best-practice theory in interactive learning that is engaging and meaningful to participants. Additionally:

  • Parents, childcare providers, and preschool teachers learn proper food portions and nutrition tips for preschoolers to support the development of positive eating habits for preschoolers and youth;
  • Food bank shoppers learn how to select and prepare items available at the food pantry through educational displays and recipe demonstrations;
  • Older adults and seniors adopt new strategies for meal planning and physical activity with the support of  a  lifestyle coach in the Diabetes Prevention Program;

» More …

Impact Report: Benton-Franklin Master Gardener

← Impact Report Library

Benton-Franklin Master Gardener

Community Gardening and Plant a Row for the Hungry

By The Numbers

In the first half of 2016:

  • 80 Master Gardeners participated.
  • 1,098 MG volunteer hours were donated.
  • $18,312 in grants and cash donations were obtained.
  • About 800 people participated in the Plant a Row for the Hungry program.
  • PAR distributed 12,000 seed packets and 4,000 transplants.
  • 9 new projects were completed.
  • 37 food gardens and about 550 food gardeners were mentored.
  • 12 food gardening classes/events/presentations were held.

2016

Issue

USDA indicates that food insecurity is a lack of “access to enough food for an active, healthy life,” with 1 in 7 Americans living in food insecure households. It is estimated that 16 million children in our country consistently face hunger or unhealthy diets that can impair their cognitive and physical development, as well as their academic achievement. This is not just a national problem; 12.6% of Benton County and 10.1% of Franklin County residents are food insecure.

Response

In 2011, Americorps volunteer Nathan Finch worked with the WSU Extension Benton-Franklin Master Gardeners to provide coordination, leadership, and technical assistance to local community gardening efforts and to promote the Plant-A-Row Program (PAR) that encourages home gardeners to donate produce to local food banks. When Finch left the area, Master Gardener Bill Dixon took over leadership of the Food Gardening Team.

Since assuming leadership, Dixon annually has contacted local nurseries and garden centers to get donations of garden seed often disposed of at the end of the gardening season. He also has contacted local high school Future Farmers of America clubs to ask for donations of transplants left over after their plant sales.

With the support of Marianne Ophardt, Benton County WSU Extension director and Benton-Franklin Master Gardener program director, the Food Gardening Team has focused its efforts on helping those families most in need. This has included working with garden sponsors to build gardens in the lowest-income and highest-population density neighborhoods in the two counties. The team works with local cities, schools, service groups, and churches that already have community gardens or want to establish new ones. Team members provide information on community garden construction, organization, and management, plus mentor community gardeners throughout the area to help teach people how to garden.

Benton-Franklin Master Gardeners continue to make a difference in their communities. Starting in 2015, they launched the “Food Garden Drive” that raised nearly $13,000 through grants and corporate and individual donations to support food gardens for low-income and disadvantaged persons. Additionally, they received a United Way grant through Second Harvest for up to $20,000 over the next two years for the “Build A Bed to Feed A Family” Program to help build new food gardens for low-income and disadvantaged families (up to 100) or individuals (up to 400). » More …

Impact Report: Farm to Fork Field Day Program

← Impact Report Library

Farm to Fork Field Day Program

By The Numbers

Over 2 seasons of Farm to Fork Field Trips:

  • 1,025 youth participated
  • 20 field day events were held
  • 10 elementary schools, 3 with multiple grades, attended the program
  • 5 youth community groups participated
  • 23% visited a farm for the 1st or 2nd time
  • 81% increased their ability to make a difference by helping harvest food for the hungry
  • 4,000+ pounds of carrots, squash, and cucumbers were harvested for distribution at the Clark County Food Bank

2016

Issue

Washington State University Extension programs have promoted healthy living through a variety of delivery methods for individuals and families for more than 100 years. Today, health issues continue to be significant to youth and families in our state. In Washington, 24% of youth ages 10-17 and 27% of adults are overweight or obese (Department of Health, 2013). There is a strong need for people to identify the health benefits of increasing fruit and vegetable consumption and recognize the bigger picture of food systems. Putting food on the table is not only an experience that begins at the grocery store. It is important to understand that it grows locally and each person can be involved in its production and/or finding more of it locally. This is especially critical in urban settings where people are farther removed from the production of their own food. Teaching and showing youth where their food comes from and how it gets to their table can influence their desire to increase their local selection of produce for a healthy diet.

Agricultural literacy is an important way to encourage healthy eating behaviors through education about food systems. Pairing this with hands-on activities involving growing food increases the chances youth will make changes in their food choices.

Response

In an effort to connect youth to local food access and help them understand where their food comes from, 4-H and Food $ense have worked together to develop the WSU Clark County Extension’s Farm to Fork Field Days. This field trip experience gives youth the opportunity to visit the Heritage Farm and learn about local food access.

In 2014, the WSU Clark County Extension faculty, staff, and volunteers worked together to pilot the Farm to Fork Field Day program. The goal was to increase the awareness and knowledge of agriculture and the role it plays in the lives of young people in Clark County. Through Farm to Fork, area youth from schools and community groups came to the Heritage Farm to learn more about how their food grows and gets to their tables at home.

Since the pilot project, Farm to Fork has been promoted in school classrooms and community youth programs encouraging youth to participate in hands-on farm experiences. Groups participate in farm- and food-topic-related workshop stations. The topics of these stations include: planting, weeding, and harvesting produce, worm composting, water resources, bees and pollination, uses of animals and animal byproducts, food systems, and other farm-based activities. » More …

Impact Report: Food $ense: Nutrition Education in Clark County

← Impact Report Library

Food $ense: Nutrition Education in Clark County Download as PDF By The Numbers 4,519 youth participated: 15% Hispanic, 4% Asian, 3% African American, 2% Native American, and 2% Pacific Islander. Parents of the 1,484 youth acknowledged receiving the parent educational newsletter and responded that they read them and used some of the information. In 3 of 9 Clark County school districts, 30 of the 43 elementary schools have a free and reduced lunch population of 52%-89%. 2016 Issue

In 2015, 16.2% of Washington’s population received basic food assistance. Clark County ranks 6th in the … » More …

Impact Report: Food $ense: Nutrition Education in Cowlitz County

← Impact Report Library

Food $ense: Nutrition Education in Cowlitz County Download as PDF By The Numbers 1,440 youth participated in the program. 21% were Hispanic, 2% were Native American, and 2% were Pacific Islander or Asian. Parents of the 1,440 youth acknowledged receiving the parent educational newsletter and responded back to us that they read them and used some of the information. 5 of 7 elementary schools in the Longview School District have a free and reduced lunch population of 59%-89%. 3 of 7 elementary schools in the Kelso School District have a free and reduced lunch population of 51%-95%. … » More …

Impact Report: Benton-Franklin Master Gardener

← Impact Report Library

Benton-Franklin Master Gardener Download as PDF Community Gardening and Plant a Row for the Hungry By The Numbers 521 Master Gardeners trained from 2012-2014. 30,893 Master Gardener hours logged from 2012-2014. 48,167 pounds of produce grown in the Plant-a-Row program from 2012-2014. 32 community gardens mentored from 2012-2015. 24 new gardens developed from 2012-2015. 332 raised beds built from 2012-2015. $1,750 in grants received from 2012-2015. $42,000 worth of in-kind donations of materials and services received from 2012-2015. 2015 Issue

USDA indicates that food insecurity is a lack of “access to enough food for … » More …

Impact Report: Youth Advocates for Health

← Impact Report Library

Youth Advocates for Health Download as PDF YA4-H! By The Numbers

Teen Teachers reported overall increases in healthy eating behaviors:

100% reported increased effective communication skills/abilities. 91% reported possessing teaching skills and abilities. 71% reported eating more vegetables. 71% reported eating more whole grains. 57% reported drinking more water. 57% reported eating fewer snack foods like chips, cookies, and candy. 2015 Issue

Despite research showing the benefits of healthy eating, obesity and overweight status in children and adolescents has tripled nationally in the past 30 years. In Washington, 11% of youth ages 10 to … » More …

Tagged
YF

Impact Report: Ideas for Living

← Impact Report Library

Ideas for Living

By The Numbers

  • In 2013, Ideas for Living educators provided 122 life-skills classes and nutrition demonstrations (in English or Spanish).
  • In 2013, IFL educators provided 345 hours of facilitated learning.
  • IFL had more than 4,700 participants in Skagit County.

2014

Issue

Since 1995, the Ideas for Living (IFL) program at WSU Skagit County Extension has offered interactive learning experiences for adults on 26 different topics. IFL was developed in response to requests from social service agencies for basic life skills for their clients. At that time, state and national welfare reform policies highlighted the need for basic skills to enhance the lives of people either going back to work or joining the work force for the first time. Topics included money management, parenting, food selection, and shopping. IFL presentations are fast paced, fun, and engaging, and focus on developing self-sufficiency skills such as time management, budgeting, supermarket savvy, and healthy eating.

While IFL is an invaluable program, an updated curriculum was needed. In 2013, a review of the IFL curriculum led to updates in lesson plans to reflect best practices and identified additional topics of relevance to community needs and interests. Research and surveys identified certain life-skills assistance programs that were being offered by other agencies, including budgeting, time management, and parenting, and also identified interest in, and a need for, health and wellness topics, particularly in learning how to use/prepare foods received from food banks. Survey respondents said they were interested in recipe ideas, cooking shortcuts, and feeding young children. The curriculum and educational materials also needed to reflect updates to best practices and access to information on the Internet.

Response

For IFL, WSU Extension developed a curriculum based on adult learning theory that includes an active hands-on learning component. Audience members include seniors, parents of young children, young adults, and community members. IFL presentations have covered:

  • Developing positive eating habits for preschoolers: Parents learn proper food portions and nutrition tips for preschoolers;
  • Life Skills and Health and Wellness series: Young adults attending Transitional High School learn techniques for self-sufficiency and healthy living;
  • Health and Wellness classes: Participants learn about various nutrition-related topics and are encouraged to implement new knowledge and techniques in their own lives;

» More …

Impact Report: The National Livestock and Poultry Environmental Learning Center

← Impact Report Library

The National Livestock and Poultry Environmental Learning Center

By The Numbers

  • More than 140 experts and collaborating agencies are working on the LPELC.
  • The 2015 National Waste to Worth Conference had 280 participants and approximately 160 presentations.
  • Attendees of the 2015 Waste to Worth Conference indicated that they were better able to do the following as a result of the conference: Reach out to others for collaboration, recommend positive actions to farmers/ranchers, add new information or topics to programs or curriculum, and communicate controversial topics.

2016

Issue

The Environmental Protection Agency has identified agriculture as the leading contributor of pollutants to the nation’s rivers, streams, lakes, and reservoirs. These reports often do not separate animal agriculture from other agricultural enterprises, but they do note that pathogens, nutrients, and oxygen-depleting substances associated with manure are three of the top five pollutants. Some emerging issues related to manure management include: endocrine disruptors (hormones), pharmaceuticals (antimicrobials), and antibiotic resistance in bacteria. Adopting farm practices that minimize the environmental impact is important for food safety.

The quality of, and timely accessibility to, science-based information is a significant weakness in current research and outreach infrastructure. There is a need for real time and on-demand access to a national team of technical and outreach experts.

Response

The National Livestock and Poultry Environmental Learning Center (LPELC) was established in 2005 to connect experts across the U.S. with consultants and advisors who assist producers, and joined the national eXtension system in 2006. The LPELC hosts approximately ten webcasts per year on high-priority issues and publishes a monthly newsletter with more than 1,400 subscribers. The LPELC provides on-demand access to the nation’s best science-based resources that is responsive to priority and emerging water quality issues associated with animal agriculture.

The center’s Animal Agriculture and Climate Change online certification course provides an in-depth understanding of the relationship between animal agriculture and climate change, both nationally and regionally. This 12-hour, non-traditional, self-paced course is designed specifically for agriculture educators, advisors, and professionals seeking to understand the relationship between animal agriculture and climate change, and prepares professionals to engage their stakeholders in this new and often controversial issue. The main objectives are to examine the impact climate change is having on farmers and ranchers, provide tools to help adapt to risk and uncertainty, and offer strategies for communicating these topics.

The course covers climate and weather trends of the recent past and examines the scientific basis for climate change projections in the future. Course participants also learn agriculture’s role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and discuss how agriculture might benefit from capture and utilization of these gases. The course qualifies for continuing education credits from Certified Crop Advisor (CCA), the American Registry of Professional Animal Scientists, and many professional engineer licensing programs.

» More …