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Export Trends in Washington State Volume 4

Export Trends in Washington State Volume 4

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Andrew Cassey, School of Economic Sciences, Washington State University, YunFei Zhao, School of Economic Sciences, Washington State University
Accurate descriptions of export trends are needed so industry representatives, analysts, policymakers, and business owners can properly assess market conditions. This fact sheet provides data on trends for manufactured and processed agricultural exports from Washington State to foreign countries for several large industries (including aerospace and fruit and vegetable preserves). Unlike export data from other sources, the data here can be used to compare export changes over time. This fact sheet is the fourth edition of an annual series. New material includes 2010 export data and tables listing Washington’s top export industries and destinations. Additionally, because of its increased relevance, exports for the pulp, paper, and paperboard mill products have been included.
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This volume of “Export Trends in Washington State” is the fourth fact sheet in a series of WSU Extension publications providing Washington export information and data. Subsequent fact sheets in this series will update and highlight changes in this current information. The WSU Extension publication “The Collection and Description of Washington State Export Data” (Cassey 2010) includes a description of the process by which the Washington State export data used in this series are collected, along with interpretation limitations for these data, as well as definitions for many technical terms.

This fact sheet includes data that depict trends in Washington exports, by industry, from 2002 to 2010. The data are represented as an inflation-adjusted time series, which allows export trends to be observed. These figures also emphasize the relationships between Washington’s individual export industries and its overall state-level exporting activity. The industries studied include some of the largest in the state, for example, the aerospace industry. But special attention will be given to the processed agricultural products industries, such as those that produce fruit and vegetable preserves and grain and oilseed milling products.

New information in this fact sheet includes updated export figures, with 2010 data and tables listing Washington State’s top export markets and industries. These tables show the changing composition of exports in terms of both industry and destination. Data on the pulp, paper, and paperboard mill products industry have also been added because it has emerged as one of Washington State’s top export industries.

The data given here emphasize exports in the context of time, which enables the reader to determine how industry and total exports from Washington State have changed since 2002. Unlike most publications in which data are reported in current-year dollars, the data here are inflation-adjusted. This means that year-to-year data are directly comparable. Finally, this report contains the only existent data on the number of countries receiving Washington exports that is categorized by industry. When combined with the data on exports, this information allows the reader to assess whether changes to exports result from changes in sales to current importing countries or from changes in the number of importing countries.

Washington State’s Department of Commerce provides general international trade statistics in its Commerce Quarterly Trade Bulletin.

Current and past issues are available at http://www.choosewashington.com/Pages/CommerceQuarterlyTradeBulletin.aspx. This bulletin highlights a particular foreign country in each issue, often focuses on a single industry, provides an overview of current events, and offers news on policy issues. Since it focuses on a specific market or industry in each edition, the export trend data in this fact sheet complement the trade bulletin’s information by providing a more general picture of Washington’s exports, especially with respect to domestic shipments.

The World Institute for Strategic Economic Research (http://www.wisertrade.org) is the source for Washington’s export data. In “The Collection and Description of Washington State Export Data,” Cassey (2010) provides a full description of these data and how they are collected. The key feature of the state export data is its focus on the location from which exporting begins rather than on the location from which exported goods are produced. This has important implications for the accuracy of data interpretation and conclusions. Refer to Cassey (2010) for a more detailed discussion.

Though the origin-of-movement state export data are only available for purchase, some Washington State export data can be obtained at no cost from TradeStats Express™ (http://tse.export.gov/). In this fact sheet, all nominal export data have been adjusted for inflation using the annual values from the Consumer Price Index (CPI) for all urban consumers (for all items less food and energy) in the Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton area. (These CPI data are available from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) at http://www.bls.gov/cpi, Series ID: CUUSA423SA0L1E.) The base year used is the 1982–1984 average.1 This means that the dollar value of the data provided corresponds to the value of the dollar from 1982 to 1984. Data on shipments are from the Geographic Area Statistics of the Annual Survey of Manufactures and the Economic Census conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau.

Many of the subsequent figures, along with the associated data in tabular form, can be found on the website for Washington State University’s School of Economic Sciences.

1This base year is the standard used by the BLS. Any year may be the base year without changing the data’s meaning. For conve­nience, we use the standard BLS base year.



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WSU Extension bulletins contain material written and produced for public distribution. Alternate formats of our educational materials are available upon request for persons with disabilities. Please contact Washington State University Extension for more information

Issued by Washington State University Extension and the U.S. Department of Agriculture in furtherance of the Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914. Extension programs and policies are consistent with federal and state laws and regulations on nondiscrimination regarding race, sex, religion, age, color, creed, and national or ethnic origin; physical, mental, or sensory disability; marital status or sexual orientation; and status as a Vietnam-era or disabled veteran. Evidence of noncompliance may be reported through your local WSU Extension office. Trade names have been used to simplify information; no endorsement is intended.