Small Ruminants


Animal Health

Prussic Acid Poisoning in Livestock

Prussic Acid Poisoning in Livestock

Management Practices to Mitigate Livestock Heat Stress

Management Practices to Mitigate Livestock Heat Stress

The Threat of Foreign Animal Diseases and The Need for Agriculture Biosecurity

Foreign animal diseases are not only a serious threat to American livestock and agriculture, but also to our nation’s economy and security. A wide variety of devastating plant and animal pathogens exist outside of the U.S. Many of these agents could be accidentally or intentionally transported inside the U.S borders. The transportation of livestock and…

Selenium: Essential for Livestock Health

Tragically, the first time some livestock producers hear the term “White Muscle Disease” is during the necropsy of one of their animals. What causes this serious disease and more importantly, how can it be prevented? Cause of White Muscle Disease White Muscle Disease (WMD) is caused by a deficiency of either of two important nutritional…

Preventing Navel Ill

Using iodine on the navel of any newborn farm animal is an important management practice for the prevention of navel ill.  The navel of the newborn is basically a hollow tube which leads directly into the abdominal cavity and liver of the animal.  It remains moist for several days after birth, making   it easy for…

Biosecurity: For the Sheep Shearer

Biosecurity is defined as management practices that protect the herd and farm personnel from the entry of disease agents and minimize the spread or adverse effects of diseases currently in the herd. For on- farm biosecurity to be successful everyone involved with production and product harvest must pay attention to their role in on-farm biosecurity,…


 

Resource Links (Animal Health)

Nutrition

Feed-ology: How to read a feed tag

Feed-ology: How to read a feed tag

Nutritional Flushing of Small Ruminants

Introduction Flushing isn’t just an aspect of indoor plumbing—it’s also part of a well- managed flock’s nutrition and reproduction program. This article will address the whys and hows of flushing sheep and goats. Flushing Defined What is flushing, anyway? The term describes a temporary but purposeful elevation in the plane of nutrition around breeding time.…

Trace Element Deficiencies in Ruminants

Copper deficiency and selenium deficiency are the two major problems in Washington State. We have found no evidence of cobalt or zinc deficiencies in this region in our field studies. SELENIUM DEFICIENCY A number of diseases or production inefficiency syndromes are associated with selenium and/or vitamin E deficiency. In most of these syndromes selenium and…


 

Carcass/Performance

WSU Livestock Carcass Grade & Cutability Calculator

Download Now Available on both Android and iOS WSU Livestock Carcass Grade & Cutability Calculator is a simple way to calculate carcass yield grade, dressing percentages, and cutability of beef, pork and lamb carcasses.  Individuals can estimate yield grade or cutability from live animal data from cattle, pigs and lambs, in addition to calculating the…


 

Resource Links (Carcass/Performance)

  • WSU Livestock Carcass Grade & Cutability Calculator (Android) (iOS)

General

Fencing Considerations For Livestock Owners

Fencing is an integral part of a livestock or equine operation. It is very important for the safety and welfare of animals and producers. Should it fail...

Practical Biosecurity Recommendations for Farm Tour Hosts

Practical Biosecurity Recommendations for Farm Tour Hosts

2006 Cost of Producing Alfalfa Seed in the Columbia Basin of Washington State

2006 Cost of Producing Alfalfa Seed in the Columbia Basin of Washington State

Feed-ology: How to read a feed tag

Feed-ology: How to read a feed tag

Individual Goat Production Record

Individual Goat Production Record (PDF)

Washington State Sheep Producers Resource Guide 2015

Washington State Sheep Producers Resource Guide 2015 (PDF)

Do You Have Lousy Animals?

As we enter the colder, darker, damper time of year, we will be re-visited by a pest from the past: lice. An annual problem, lice can affect animal health and farm profitability. Here is a short primer on this parasite. Species Specificity Lice are generally quite species specific (Table 1). This means poultry lice won’t spread…