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Forages/Pastures


Dryland Pasture Management

Management strategies for optimal grazing distribution and use of arid rangelands

Management Strategies for Optimal Grazing Distribution and Use of Arid Rangelands (PDF)

Identification and Creation of Optimum Habitat Conditions for Livestock

Identification and Creation of Optimum Habitat Conditions for Livestock (PDF)


Irrigated Pasture Management

Calculation of Fair Pasture Rates

Calculation of Fair Pasture Rates

Irrigated Pastures for Livestock in Yakima County

Forage Production Goals: A well-managed irrigated pasture can supply most of the nutritional requirements of grazing animals.  Managed irrigated pasture is high in digestible nutrients.  Livestock animals harvest the crop so limited labor is required to maintain pasture production. With proper management, irrigated pastures can last and be extremely productive for decades. Irrigation, fertilization and…

Optimizing Pasture and Animal Production through Planned Grazing

* Presented at the 2003 Washington State Graziers’ Conference; October 30, 2003 Over the past twenty years, my life has largely been devoted to pasture and grazing research, as well as maintaining an active daily involvement in commercial cattle and sheep production. In that time, I have found there are a few key principles of…


 

Drought Management

Timothy Hay-Drought Advisory

An introduced cool-season grass, timothy is very winter hardy but lacks heat and drought hardiness compared to many other hay grasses, mainly because of shallow, fibrous roots. Like other C3 (cool- season) grasses grown in the region, mature timothy plants produce roots in the fall and spring. During the winter and summer they shed much…

Oat Hay and Straw

The annual cereal crop, common oat (Avena sativa, a hexaploid crop with n=42 chromosomes; hull colors ranging from white to black), is widely grown as grain for horses and young cattle and hay for many livestock classes. Straw from oats is commonly baled after combining ripe grain and used for bedding or mixing with other…

Drought Cattle Management

It doesn't take a rocket scientist to understand the problem of drought - when the soil doesn't receive rain, or otherwise get wetted, plants can't grow. When plants can't grow, cattle can't graze. Cattlemen who, on Western average, spend upwards of 50% of their operation budget on supplemental feed are acutely aware that any reduction…


 

Animal Issues

Prussic Acid Poisoning in Livestock

Prussic Acid Poisoning in Livestock

Livestock Management and Water Quality

Introduction Grazing livestock produce a waste product – manure and urine – containing water, urea (ammonia), organic matter, nitrate, and bacteria.  Some of the components of manure inevitably end up in surface water. There are many reasons for adopting good manure management practices: improved animal health, increased pasture productivity, enhanced wildlife habitat, and increased land…

Selected Poisonous Plants of the Pacific Northwest

The PNW abounds with a huge variety of native and imported plants. Unfortunately, some of these plants are toxic to livestock. Signs of toxicity can range from as mild as brief indigestion to as severe as sudden death. It behooves all livestock producers to become familiar with the toxic plants growing in areas where he/she…

Pasture Management and Problems While Grazing

Forage crops provide 54 percent of the feed consumed by livestock in the United States. Pastures furnish 36 percent, harvested forages contribute 18 percent and the balance of livestock feed is obtained from concentrate feed including grain and protein supplements. As expected, the importance of each kind of feed varies with the type of livestock.…


 

Winter Grazing

Stockpiling for Winter Grazing

*Presented at the 2003 Washington State Graziers’ Conference; October 30, 2003 As the cost of producing hay continues to escalate, the importance of extending the grazing season also increases. Data from several states all indicate that the cost of grazing stockpiled pasture is about 1/3rd that of hay feeding for beef cow operations. Every day…

Stockpiling Forages

Stockpiling refers to the practice of selecting certain pastures in the late summer where forages are saved or stockpiled for grazing at a later time. These pastures are then managed with the intent of using them late in the season for winter grazing. These stockpiled forages can extend the grazing season for several more months…