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Large Animal Projects

4-H Large Animal Projects

Beef – Sheep – Swine – Goats

Beef Cattle Mythbusters

Check out this monthly column from WSU Department of Animal Sciences about beef cattle production misconceptions.

NEW YQCAyqcaprogram.org

How to print your YQCA certificate (PDF)

Important: Spokane County 4-H strongly encourages the completion of the annual YQCA certification for 4-H youth exhibiting food product animals (cattle beef/dairy, sheep, swine, and/or goat meat/dairy). 4-H youth can complete either the “instructor-led” training or the “online” certifications. YQCA Certification must be completed prior to the exhibitor entry deadline. Discretion will be up to the 4-H Large Animal Committee and 4-H staff.

Oct. 1 2020 YQCA will be a requirement for a youth to exhibit a food product animal in Spokane County 4-H.

Upcoming Activities:

Mar 16

Fitting & Showing Questions

Prepared by: Dr. Jan R. Busboom, Extension Meat Specialist, Washington State University, May 10, 2006

Beef Cattle

Junior 4-H Questions

  • What is the sex of your beef animal?
  • What do you call the opposite sex?
  • What is the breed of your beef animal?
  • Name another breed of cattle?
  • What vaccinations has your beef animal received?
  • What wormer has your beef animal received and how was it administered?
  • Name body parts of cattle
  • Name wholesale cuts of beef.
  • What is average daily gain (ADG)?
  • What is the ADG of your beef animal?
  • What has your beef animal been eating?
  • How much do you feed it per day? (I try to get them to answer in pounds)
  • What percentage protein is in your feed?
  • What is a subcutaneous (s.c., SubQ) injection and where do you give it?
  • What is an intramuscular (IM) injection and where do you give it?
  • What is the meaning of withdrawal time for a drug?
  • In the Junior Finals, some Intermediate/Senior 4-H/FFA Questions may be used to break ties

Intermediate/Senior 4-H/FFA Questions

  • Any of the Junior 4-H Questions Plus:
  • What do you call an intact male beef animal?
  • What are female cattle called?
  • Name 5 key nutrients.
  • What is a normal body temperature for cattle?
  • What is gestation length in cattle?
  • What is the estrus cycle length?
  • How many bulls would you need to breed 100 cows?
  • Name three British breeds of cattle.
  • Name three Continental breeds of cattle.
  • Why are cattle not fed animal protein by-products?
  • What is B.S.E.?
  • What is scrapie?
  • What is T.S.E.?
  • What is a normal birth weight for a beef animal?
  • What would be an average life expectancy for a cow?
  • How many stomachs does a beef animal have?
  • Name the stomachs of a beef animal?
  • What do you call an animal with four stomachs?
  • Name two grains.
  • Can you safely feed sheep feed to your beef animal? Why or why not?
  • Can you safely feed swine feed to your beef animal? Why or why not?
  • Name one vitamin and one mineral contained in your cattle feed.
  • What do you like or dislike about this beef animal?
  • If you could improve your beef animal what part or attribute would you change?
  • How did you prepare your beef animal for the show?
  • Define Veterinary-Client-Patient Relationship
  • Name one cattle disease and tell me what you know about it?
  • What is the significance of hoof and mouth disease?
  • What is coccidiosis? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is polioencephalomalacia? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is acidosis? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is mastitis? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is pneumonia? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is white muscle disease? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is grass tetany? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What are the USDA Beef Yield Grades?
  • What does USDA Beef Yield Grade refer to?
  • What factor(s) is (are) used to determine USDA Yield Grade?
  • What is the USDA Yield Grade of your beef animal (or that beef animal)?
  • What are the USDA Beef Quality Grades?
  • What does USDA Beef Quality Grade refer to?
  • What factors are used to determine USDA Beef Quality Grade?
  • What is the ideal market weight (or Yield Grade, fat thickness or ribeye area)?
  • What is an EPD?

Other Skillathon type questions:

  • Protein requirements of beef animals of various ages
  • Identify retail cuts
  • Roast (Usually at least 2 inches thick) versus steak or slice (usually ¾ to 1 inch thick)
  • Round cuts, loin cuts, rib cuts, chuck cuts, shank, brisket, plate, flank
  • Identify various parasites such as round worms, tape worms, lice, flies
  • Identify feedstuffs such as molasses (smell it), soybean meal, corn, wheat, oats, barley, peas, limestone (its ground up rock with no smell), meat and bone meal (smell it), grass hay versus alfalfa hay versus straw.
  • Identify cattle equipment
  • Hay judging

Meat Goats

Junior 4-H Questions

  • What is the sex of your goat?
  • What do you call the opposite sex?
  • What is the breed of your goat?
  • Name another breed of goat?
  • What vaccinations has your goat received?
  • What wormer has your goat received and how was it administered?
  • Name body parts of a goat
  • Name wholesale cuts of goat.
  • What is average daily gain (ADG)?
  • What is the ADG of your goat?
  • What has your goat been eating?
  • How much do you feed it per day? (I try to get them to answer in pounds)
  • What percentage protein is in your feed?
  • What is a subcutaneous (s.c., SubQ) injection and where do you give it?
  • What is an intramuscular (IM) injection and where do you give it?
  • What is the meaning of withdrawal time for a drug?
  • In the Junior Finals, some Intermediate/Senior 4-H/FFA Questions may be used to break ties

Intermediate/Senior 4-H/FFA Questions

  • Any of the Junior 4-H Questions Plus:
  • What do you call an intact male goat?
  • What are female goats called?
  • Name 5 key nutrients.
  • What is a normal body temperature for goats?
  • What is gestation length in goats?
  • What is the estrus cycle length?
  • What is a meat breed of goat?
  • What is a fiber breed of goat?
  • What is a dairy breed of goat?
  • Why are goats not fed animal protein by-products?
  • What is scrapie?
  • What is T.S.E.?
  • What is B.S.E.?
  • What is entropion?
  • What is a normal birth weight for a goat?
  • What would be an average life expectancy for a doe?
  • How many stomachs does a goat have?
  • Name the stomachs of a goat?
  • What do you call an animal with four stomachs?
  • Name two grains.
  • Can you safely feed beef feed to your goat? Why or why not?
  • Can you safely feed swine feed to your goat? Why or why not?
  • Name one vitamin and one mineral contained in your goat feed.
  • What do you like or dislike about this goat?
  • If you could improve your goat, what part or attribute would you change?
  • How did you prepare your goat for the show?
  • Define Veterinary-Client-Patient Relationship
  • Name one (or more) goat disease and tell me what you know about it?
  • What is a prolapse? Symptoms? How to treat? (There is more than one type)
  • What is coccidiosis? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is polioencephalomalacia? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is mastitis? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is pneumonia? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is white muscle disease? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is grass tetany? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is the ideal market weight (or fat thickness or ribeye area)?

Other Skillathon type questions

  • Protein requirements of goats of various ages
  • Identify retail cuts
  • Roast (Usually at least 2 inches thick) versus steak or slice (usually ¾ to 1 inch thick)
  • Leg cuts, loin cuts, rib or rack cuts, shoulder cuts, shank, breast, neck, riblets
  • Identify various parasites such as round worms, tape worms, keds, ticks, lice, flies
  • Identify feedstuffs such as molasses (smell it), soybean meal, corn, wheat, oats, barley, peas, limestone (its ground up rock with no smell), meat and bone meal (smell it), grass hay versus alfalfa hay versus straw.
  • Identify goat equipment
  • Hay judging

Sheep

Junior 4-H Questions

  • What is the sex of your lamb?
  • What do you call the opposite sex?
  • What is the breed of your lamb?
  • Name another breed of sheep?
  • What vaccinations has your lamb received?
  • What wormer has your lamb received and how was it administered?
  • Name body parts of sheep
  • Name wholesale cuts of lamb.
  • What is average daily gain (ADG)?
  • What is the ADG of your lamb?
  • What has your lamb been eating?
  • How much do you feed it per day? (I try to get them to answer in pounds)
  • What percentage protein is in your feed?
  • What is a subcutaneous (s.c., SubQ) injection and where do you give it?
  • What is an intramuscular (IM) injection and where do you give it?
  • What is the meaning of withdrawal time for a drug?
  • In the Junior Finals, some Intermediate/Senior 4-H/FFA Questions may be used to break ties

Intermediate/Senior 4-H/FFA Questions

  • Any of the Junior 4-H Questions Plus:
  • What do you call an intact male sheep?
  • What are female sheep called?
  • Name 5 key nutrients.
  • What is a normal body temperature for sheep?
  • What is gestation length in sheep?
  • What is the estrus cycle length?
  • How many rams would you need to breed 100 ewes?
  • What is a meat (or ram) breed? Name two.
  • What is a wool (or ewe) breed? Name two.
  • What is a dual-purpose breed? Name two.
  • Why are sheep not fed animal protein by-products?
  • What is scrapie?
  • What is Codon 171?
  • What is T.S.E.?
  • What is B.S.E.?
  • What is entropion?
  • What is a normal birth weight for a lamb?
  • What would be an average life expectancy for a ewe?
  • How many stomachs does a sheep have?
  • Name the stomachs of a sheep?
  • What do you call an animal with four stomachs?
  • Name two grains.
  • Can you safely feed beef feed to your lamb? Why or why not?
  • Can you safely feed swine feed to your lamb? Why or why not?
  • Name one vitamin and one mineral contained in your sheep feed.
  • What do you like or dislike about this lamb?
  • If you could improve your lamb what part or attribute would you change?
  • How did you prepare your lamb for the show?
  • What is the spider gene?
  • Do you know if your lamb is free of the spider gene?
  • What is the callipyge gene?
  • Do you know if your lamb has the callipyge gene?
  • Define Veterinary-Client-Patient Relationship
  • Name one (or more) sheep disease and tell me what you know about it?
  • What is a prolapse? Symptoms? How to treat? (There is more than one type)
  • What is coccidiosis? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is polioencephalomalacia? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is ovine ecthyma? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is mastitis? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is pneumonia? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is white muscle disease? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is grass tetany? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What are the USDA Lamb Yield Grades?
  • What does USDA Lamb Yield Grade refer to?
  • What factor(s) is (are) used to determine USDA Yield Grade?
  • What is the USDA Yield Grade of your lamb (or that lamb)?
  • What are the USDA Lamb Quality Grades?
  • What does USDA Lamb Quality Grade refer to?
  • What factor(s) is (are) used to determine USDA Quality Grade?
  • What is the ideal market weight (or Yield Grade, fat thickness or ribeye area)?

Other Skillathon type questions

  • Protein requirements of lambs of various ages
  • Identify retail cuts
  • Roast (Usually at least 2 inches thick) versus steak or slice (usually ¾ to 1 inch thick)
  • Leg cuts, loin cuts, rib or rack cuts, shoulder cuts, shank, breast, neck, riblets
  • Identify various parasites such as round worms, tape worms, keds, ticks, lice, flies
  • Identify feedstuffs such as molasses (smell it), soybean meal, corn, wheat, oats, barley, peas, limestone (its ground up rock with no smell), meat and bone meal (smell it), grass hay versus alfalfa hay versus straw.
  • Identify sheep equipment
  • Wool judging
  • Hay judging

Swine

Junior 4-H Questions

  • What is the sex of your pig?
  • What do you call the opposite sex?
  • What is the breed of your pig?
  • Name another breed of swine?
  • What vaccinations has your pig received?
  • What wormer has your pig received and how was it administered?
  • Name body parts of swine
  • Name wholesale cuts of pork.
  • What is average daily gain (ADG)?
  • What is the ADG of your pig?
  • What has your pig been eating?
  • How much do you feed it per day? (I try to get them to answer in pounds)
  • What percentage protein is in your feed?
  • What is a subcutaneous (s.c., SubQ) injection and where do you give it?
  • What is an intramuscular (IM) injection and where do you give it?
  • What is the meaning of withdrawal time for a drug?
  • In the Junior Finals, some Intermediate/Senior 4-H/FFA Questions may be used to break ties

Intermediate/Senior 4-H/FFA Questions

  • Any of the Junior 4-H Questions Plus:
  • What do you call an intact male pig?
  • What are female swine called?
  • Name 5 key nutrients.
  • What is a normal body temperature for swine?
  • What is gestation length in swine?
  • What is the estrus cycle length?
  • How many boars would you need to breed 100 sows?
  • Name three white breeds of swine.
  • Name three colored breeds of swine.
  • Is it legal to feed animal protein by-products to swine?
  • What is B.S.E.?
  • What is T.S.E.?
  • What is a normal birth weight for a pig?
  • What would be an average life expectancy for a cow?
  • How many stomachs does a pig have?
  • Name two grains.
  • Can you safely feed sheep feed to your pig? Why or why not?
  • Can you safely feed beef feed to your pig? Why or why not?
  • Name one vitamin and one mineral contained in your swine feed.
  • What do you like or dislike about this pig?
  • If you could improve your pig what part or attribute would you change?
  • How did you prepare your pig for the show?
  • Define Veterinary-Client-Patient Relationship
  • Name one (or more) swine disease and tell me what you know about it?
  • What is the significance of hoof and mouth disease?
  • What is a prolapse? Symptoms? How to treat? (There is more than one type)
  • What is coccidiosis? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is mastitis? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is TGE? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is E. Coli scours? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is pneumonia? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What is white muscle disease? Symptoms? How to treat?
  • What are the USDA Pork Carcass Grades?
  • What factor(s) is (are) used to determine USDA Pork Carcass Grade?
  • What is the USDA Grade of your pig (or that pig)?
  • What is the ideal commercial market weight (or fat thickness or loineye area)?
  • What is PSE Pork?
  • What is PSS?
  • What is the Napole gene?
  • What is PayLean?
  • What are the five primal cuts of pork?
  • What is an EPD?

Other Skillathon type questions

  • Protein requirements of pigs of various ages
  • Identify retail cuts
  • Roast (Usually at least 2 inches thick) versus steak or slice (usually ¾ to 1 inch thick)
  • Ham (leg) cuts, loin cuts, shoulder cuts, belly (bacon), spareribs
  • Identify various parasites such as round worms, tape worms, lice, flies
  • Identify feedstuffs such as molasses (smell it), soybean meal, corn, wheat, oats, barley, peas, limestone (its ground up rock with no smell), meat and bone meal (smell it).
  • Identify swine equipment.