4-H Livestock News & Resources

Program Contact: Lauren Hrncirik Scanga, M.S., 4-H Youth Development Regional Specialist
(509) 754-2011 ext. 4314 • lauren.hrncirik@wsu.edu

Program Contact: Randy Williams, Lincoln-Adams 4-H Program Coordinator
(509) 725-4171  • randy.williams@wsu.edu

WA State Fair Livestock Judging Contest
Saturday, September 16, 2017

Lincoln Co qualifiers for the State Fair 4-H Judging Contest are posted HERE on the Lincoln and Adams County Livestock Judging Contest Page. There were no East Adams County State Fair Livestock Judging contest qualifiers.  Judging resource are also posted on the Contest Page.

Temperature Concerns for Livestock

8/1/17  Randy Williams is on vacation – here’s an important reminder about care of livestock during hot weather from Sarah M. Smith of Grant-Adams WSU Extension Office

The weather report indicates that we should see extremely hot temperatures over the next 7-10 days.  These extremely hot temperatures not only impact your animal’s comfort and welling-being, but they can also greatly impact the animal’s growth and feed intake.  Proper management of animals during this heat is critical to prevent or minimize decreased feed intake and weight gain.  It is very difficult to realize weight gain in extreme hot weather, and if individuals are working their animals, one should expect weight loss.  So if you are trying to get your animals to gain weight, you are going to need to pay extra attention to keeping them comfortable and stopping work/practice to minimize weight loss.

Youth, parents, and leaders should pay close attention to management practices and the over-all well-being of their animals at temperatures above 75 degrees.  However, the Thermal Danger Zone for animals and humans are temperatures above 100 degrees.  Remember, animals kept outside without adequate shade are going to be in the Danger Zone when the thermometer on the porch reads 80-85 degrees.—Make sure your animals have adequate shade and provide cooling and ventilations systems when necessary to help keep the animals comfortable.  Fans, air inlets, and water misting or drip systems can be used to help cool animals and their surroundings.  Make sure that pigs (especially white pigs) can either cover with mud or get in the shade to prevent sunburn.

If you are having your lamb sheared during these hot days, you will also want to make sure you lock them in the barn for a day or two to prevent sunburn.  Also, remember that even though you removed the wool, the lambs may actually feel hotter because they do not have the wool to act as insulation from the direct heat of the sun.  Also, washing lambs to cool is not recommended because the cold water of a bath can shock their system and remove lanolin from the lamb’s skin increases the risk to club lamb fungus.

Try to minimize working/handling/feeding animals during the heat.  Feed early in the mornings and at night after it has started to cool.  And most importantly, make sure animals have access to an adequate supply of clean, cool water continuously.  Pay extra attention to the temperature of water from hoses and where nipple valves are placed (if in the sun, both water and equipment will be too hot to encourage water intake by animals).

In addition, transportation of animals in this heat is very difficult on them; not only because of the heat, but often trailers are hotter than the outside temperature and limited airflow in trailers. If it is not necessary to transport your animal, it is best not to transport them during these hot temperatures.  Don’t stop when hauling in these temperatures, unload animals immediately upon arrival.

Minimizing excess handling is also another way to minimize stress during these temperatures.  Working animals for a short 5-10 minute period in early morning or late evening is adequate to achieve training necessary.  Hauling and practicing in groups is not advisable during these extreme hot temperatures.  I know many of you want to work with and practice with your animals in preparation for the fair.  I commend you for your work.  However, remember your animals cannot go and cool down in air conditions (vehicle or house).  Once an animal gets excited it can take 20-30 minutes for the heart rate to return to normal.

Sarah M. Smith
Extension Regional Specialist–Animal Sciences
WSU Grant-Adams Extension
Office Phone: (509) 754-2011, Ext. 4313

Market Livestock Health Forms

Don’t wait till Show or Fair time to fill out your QA Marktet Health Form!! Take a blank form with you when your PURCHASE your animal!

The Market Animal Health Record (QA) Forms, revised in 2008, satisfy most Fair Livestock Sale QA Health Record and Country of Origin Labeling, (COOL) record requirements. Click HERE for forms.

Visit the Fairs page for local Fairs
Visit the Other Fairs page for more Fairs & Livestock Shows

Livestock Quality Assurance

All youth exhibitors that plan to sell a market animal at fairs/junior shows in the state of Washington must complete and be certified in a Quality Assurance Training Area. Some fairs enforce only for swine exhibitors, others require for all market livestock species.

The Pork Quality Assurance Program (Accepted by many fairs/shows for all species) training and testing is available online. 
Go to www.pork.org, scroll over the ‘Certification’ tab and click on ‘Program Details’
Help Sheet:
– – – – –

Youth Without Internet Access can take PQA Plus Pass-Out Test At  the Moses Lake Extension Office:  Intermediates and senior youth wishing to take the pass-out test may take the test on Wednesdays between July 1st and July 15th between 1:00 and 4:00 pm at the Extension office in Moses Lake.  Youth planning on taking the test at the Extension office need to call (509) 754-2011, Ext. 4313 and verify attendance at least one business day prior to the testing date.  Intermediate and senior youth do not have to attend a classroom training to certify by test.  However, no supplemental information maybe used during the administration of the test; the test is a measurement of unassisted knowledge.

YQCA - Youth for the Quality Care of Animals - Logo

New National Online Quality Assurance Program Available for Market Sale Species

The National Pork Board is excited to announce the transition of the Youth Pork Quality Assurance Plus (YPQA) to the new Youth for the Quality Care of Animals (YQCA).  Within the past few years, educators and livestock industry professionals have noticed NPB’s success with the YPQA program and determined the need for a multi-specie (beef, dairy, goat, poultry, rabbit, sheep and swine), science-based educational program, offering access to every youth exhibitor ages 8 to 21, nationally.  Annually, youth food animal producers raise thousands of food animals that contribute to the U.S. food supply.  This contribution measures in the millions of pounds of consumable food animal products. Understanding how to produce a safe wholesome food animal product can only come from a comprehensive educational program focused on proper care and welfare of food animals.  So a group of educators and livestock industry professionals have been working on developing this program to meet the needs for a multi-species program.

YQCA will provide a common framework for youth food animal quality assurance programs that will enhance the educational experience of youth, improve the care of food animals and provide a higher level of food safety to consumers. This program will embrace the founding principles of food safety that all quality assurance programs cover, with added information addressing animal welfare, such as daily health observations, proper use of medications, and establishing a valid Veterinary Client Patient Relationship (VCPR), to mention a few. Those principal topic areas are similar across the species covered in the YQCA curriculum.

The YQCA program is set up for any youth in the U.S. to have access to the online program and gain their certification. The national YQCA program launched March 2017.

The Goals of YQCA:

  1. Ensure safety and well-being of animals produced by youth for showing and for 4-H and FFA projects.
  2. Ensure safe food supply to consumers.
  3. Enhance the future of livestock industry by educating youth on these very important issues so they can become more informed producers, consumers and/or employees in the agriculture and food industry.
  4. Maximize the limited development time and budgets of state and national youth program leaders to provide an effective quality assurance program.
  5. Offer livestock shows a valid, national quality assurance certification for youth livestock exhibitors.

At the current time, the Grant and Adams County Fairs require only swine exhibitors to have completed a Quality Assurance program to participate. The Wheat Land Communities Fair requires ALL exhibitors sending any market livestock species through the livestock sale to have completed Pork Quality Assurance certification. For kids raising lambs, goats, beef cattle, dairy heifers, poultry, and rabbits, being proactive and participating in this new program before it is required will show your commitment to raising high-quality food animals.  To participate in the YQCA online program got to http://yqca.org.

There will be a $12 fee for participating in the online training. Producers, clubs/chapters, businesses, industry sponsors, or others that would like to support youth participate in this program can go online (http://yqca.org) and purchase $12 coupons and distribute to youth to take the YQCA program.

If you have additional questions, contact Randy Williams, randy.williams@wsu.edu; 509-725-4171 or Paul Kuber at pskuber@wsu.edu

10 Things That Matter WAY More Than Where You Place With Your Livestock

Posted with permission from Ranch House Designs*

As a young person, I was very fortunate to spend nearly 10 years showing in junior and open cattle shows with my family. And, we were also very thankful to have tremendous success at all levels. My sister and I still hold the record for the most number of grand championships . . .

It has been more than 10 years since I showed in a junior show (wow I feel old), but now that I look back on showing, I have realized that there are certain things that are WAY more important than where you place at the show, and how much you spend on your animal. These are things that NO ONE can take away from you, no matter how old you are, where you are from, or where life takes you.

  1. Do your own work.
  2. Be kind of others. Basic kindness is one of the most important things you can practice when you’re at a livestock show. There are thousands of opportunities to do this at a show, . . .
  3. Say Thank You. You can never say thank you enough . . .
  4. Learn from successful people. When you go to a show, it doesn’t take too long to realize the people who are “in the know”. . . .
  5. Enjoy family time together. . . .
  6. Inspire someone else. Trust me – you will – even if you don’t realize it. Right now, no matter who you are, where you are from, or how old you are, I promise you there is someone out there who looks up to you. . . .
  7. Learn the business side of things. Showing livestock teaches you a lot about business, and that is something you will always use. . .
  8. Make friends. . . .
  9. Apply For (And Earn) Scholarships. The scholarship aspect of being involved in showing livestock is huge! . . .
  10. Learn that It’s Okay to Fail.  . . . It’s hard to lose. It’s hard to fail, whether it is in a show ring, in life, in school, in elections, in businesses, or in relationships. But everyone has failed somewhere. And the good thing is, it is never too late to start over or try again. Showing cattle teaches us to take risks.  . . .

Complete Article:
Thanks to Randy Williams, Lincoln-Adams 4-H Program Coordinator, for spotting and sharing this article.

Rodeo City Classic and Jackpot Show July 29

Kittitas County’s Sheepsteers 4-H Club will be hosting the second annual Rodeo City Classic and Jackpot Show for 4-H Sheep and Goat project members on Saturday, July 29, at the Kittitas County Fairgrounds.

The sheep showmanship clinic is led by Alyx and Ashley Hanson of Hanson Livestock and is followed by a jackpot show judged by Cooper Bounds. The goat clinic will be hosted by Maddie Fenton and Trevor Clemens.  Showmanship classes and a jackpot show with prizes to follow.

A quiz bowl and seminar lead by Alyx Hanson of Hanson Livestock to be held
Friday night at 6 PM.

We are excited for kids and parents to come and learn more about their sheep and goat project, meet fellow showmen, and compete in the jackpot show.

For more information, please visit www.facebook.com/rodeocityclassic/ and hansonlivestock.com

Registration Form:  https://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/5d96af_605fd240ef194986b02882732be5d88b.pdf

Flyer: https://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/5d96af_561335ce02f3467f9e408b9beed814b8.pdf

Contact Person:  Jill Wade, 509 899- 4770, jillwade7@icloud.com

Northwest Junior Sheep Exposition (NWJSE)

July 14, 15, 2017
Grant County Fairgrounds, Moses Lake

See the 2017 premium book for the Northwest Junior Sheep Exposition (NWJSE) (link bewlo) for details and entry forms.  The show will take place on Friday and Saturday, July 14 & 15, in conjunction with the Washington State Sheep Producers’ Ram and Ewe Sale.  This is a great opportunity for the two events to engage with each other and for the young to learn from the “veterans” and for the “veterans” to learn a thing or two from the youth!  Scheduling will be tight and will require cooperation and flexibility from all individuals involved.

There is a “Judging and Skillathon Contest“– open to all youth and adults on Friday, July 14 from noon to 2:00 pm.

The show will again be held at the Grant County Fairgrounds in Moses Lake, Washington.  To ensure pen availability, please make sure entry forms are received by defined entry dates above.  Extra animals not entered by the entry dates cannot be exhibited or penned at the NWJSE.  Please take time to read the premium book, noting dates, entry requirements, general rules and those for specific classes. Please note that there are two entry dates.  Market Lamb entry forms are due May 1, 2017This is to allow official weigh sheets to be distributed and lambs weighed between May 5-14, 2017.  Weigh forms will be sent to area show representatives (Extension Educator, Ag Instructor, 4-H Leader, or an identified area sheep producer).  Please make arrangements with these individuals to ensure that your lambs are weighed by May 15 and the forms are returned to the Grant-Adams Extension office no later than May 31.  Please note that the days on test have been shorted and weigh dates have been pushed back.  We are hoping that this change will encourage more individuals to enter in the market division, as they will have more time to select/purchase lambs for this contest.  The Breeding Sheep, Feeder Lamb, and Activity Entry Forms are due by June 15, 2017.

NWJ Sheep Expo 2017 Premium Book

Sarah M. Smith
Extension Regional Specialist–Animal Sciences
WSU Grant-Adams Extension
1525 E. Wheeler Rd., Moses Lake, WA 98837
Office Phone: (509) 754-2011, Ext. 4313
“World Class. Face to Face.”

Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) – What 4-H Livestock Exhibitors Need To Know

As YOU begin to purchase and feed your livestock for the Junior Livestock Show or county fair this spring and summer there is one additional item that is important for you to consider in feeding, managing and keeping records for your animal.

The use of medications in feed has been an effective and convenient method to prevent and treat certain disease conditions in groups of livestock. The proper use of feed medications has changed and will need to be under the oversight and order of a veterinarian. The order is known as a veterinary feed directive (VFD). Read more in Complete VFD Article

Livestock Showing Teaches Life Lessons

youth showing steerBy Jenn Carrico,
Field Editor, High Plains/Midwest Ag Journal
Used with permission

Jan 27, 2017

At nearly every cattle show I attend with my kids, the judge offers a few extra words of wisdom prior to selecting the grand champion. Our recent trip to the National Western Stock Show in Denver was no different. My daughter, Kassidy, was fortunate enough to place first or second in her class with her market steer each of the last four years. Those steers have returned to the ring later, to walk across the green carpet in hopes of being named grand or reserve champion. During this year’s show, judge, Dave Duello said something I won’t soon forget. Duello said, “Surround yourself with good people and keep dreaming.”

No matter what you are doing or where you are going, that is true. We often wonder if our children hear these wise words, given by folks . . . Complete Article

4-H and FFA Beef Field Day,

March 11 Lewiston
Registration DUE March 6, 2017

Registration is capped at 100 participants* Pre-Registration is $7.00 Registration at event is $10.00

4-H and FFA Goat/Sheep Field Day

March 25
Registration DUE March 20, 2017
*Registration is capped at 100 participants* Pre-Registration is $7.00 Registration at event is $10.00

Misc. items for keeping 4-H livestock records4-H Record Keeping

by Randy Williams,
Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator

January 27, 2017
There are many reasons why kids decide to join 4-H. One of the most popular is the love of farm animals. Having the opportunity to care, feed and manage an animal brings a lot of satisfaction to our daily lives. We realize that the well-being of our project depends upon US and for most of us that is a great feeling. Some of you enjoy showing your animals at Jackpots, County Fairs and Regional Livestock Shows. Those who take this activity real serious spend hours training, clipping and preparing. This is your MOST favorite part of raising an animal! I would be willing to bet, however, that one of your LEAST favorite responsibilities is KEEPING RECORDS! Recordkeeping helps . . . Complete article includes link to livestock record keeping ap.

USDA Poultry Presentations Available

The USDA is offering a limited opportunity to have a veterinarian talk to your poultry group about avian health and how to protect your birds from avian flu.

For information and scheduling, contact Dr. Brooke Lucas at: brooke.a.lucas@aphis.usda.gov or (360) 603-1520.

Please take advantage of the FREE educational opportunity announced on this flyer for your poultry project youth.

82nd Annual Jr. Livestock Show of Spokane
May 2-6, 2017

Registration is now open for the Jr. Livestock Show of Spokane. Their main website is “taking too long to respond” and isn’t loading easily . . . however – click the links below for the show schedule and the Registration Page.

2017 Spokane-Jr-Livestock-Show Schedule

Jr Show Registration Link

Reminder if you plan to enter – be sure your 4-H enrollment is officially activated!

New Antibiotic Rules Will Apply to Youth Livestock Exhibitors

From Article written by Marlys Miller, Pork Checkoff Report Magazine Summer 2016

Even though the following article is directed to youth swine exhibitors, FDA’s Guidance 209 and the Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) rule will apply to ALL large animal livestock; beef, sheep, swine, lamb and goats intended for food consumption.

For youth swine exhibitors, parents and project advisors, Jan. 1, 2017, will usher in major changes in accessing medicated feeds for show pigs. That’s when the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) will implement new rules, known as Guidance 209, for antibiotic use in all animals raised for food.

Antibiotics identified as medically important (to human health) will no longer be available . . Complete Article: Antibiotic Rules for Youth Livestock Exhibitors

Click HERE for Good Video on Understanding Medicated Feed Labels

Lincoln Co. State 4-H Fair Livestock Judging Contest Qualifiers

Each year Lincoln and (East) Adams County intermediate and senior 4-H’ers are encouraged and invited to compete in the Market Livestock Judging Contest at the State 4-H Fair in Puyallup, WA. This is a great opportunity for youth to work together to increase knowledge of market animals and develop stronger decision making skills. To compete at State, with the opportunity to go on to National competition, 4-H’ers must first “qualify.” This year’s qualifiers were based on official 4-H judging contest results from the 2015 Li. Co. Fair, 2015 Wheat Land Communities Fair, and the Jr. Show of Spokane. Lincoln Co. youth must participate in at least 2 4-H contests and complete an oral reasons class to qualify. (East) Adams 4-H Policy requires qualifiers to have completed at least 2 4-H judging contests. There were no (East) Adams qualifiers this year.

Lincoln Co. 4-H Intermediate State Fair Livestock Judging Qualifiers

Tanner Gerdes
Owen Swannack
Zane Perleberg
Kimberly Dewey
Jessie Williams
Ashlyn McCarty
Jacob Wollweber
Emma Wiedmer

Those who choose to go will compete in the State 4-H Fair Livestock Judging Contest in Puyallup, WA on Saturday morning, September 17, 2016.

Lincoln Co. 4-H Senior State Fair Livestock Judging Qualifiers
(All have other obligations and have chosen not to go)
Leah Swannack
Josie Clemenson
Whitney Wollweber

More resources and information about livestock judging and the Lincoln-Adams qualification process is available on: http://extension.wsu.edu/lincoln-adams/4h/livestockjudgingcontest/

Market Goat Showmanship

(Part III)Front view of goat in showring

by Randy Williams,
Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator

Show Time!
Preparing for a show involves attention to many important details that may vary depending on the show. Always consider the basics of animal food, water, and shelter. Calculate the amount of feed required while traveling and at the show. Use a container that is easily transported and will keep the feed clean, dry, and fresh. Carry a little extra feed in case of a spill. Collect measuring devices, buckets, and feed troughs that will be needed at the show. Complete Market Goat Showmanship – Part III Article



Market Goat Showmanship

(Part II)

by Randy Williams,Market goat braced against showperson's leg
Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator

Bracing To prepare to be competitive in any situation, goats should be taught to brace. Some shows, by rule, may not allow bracing. Certain judges may or may not allow showmen to brace their animals. If a show has no rules against the practice and a judge allows showmen to present their animals on a brace, do not be surprised to see the animals that are braced stand at the top of the class. Therefore, showmen should train goats both to brace and stand in place so they will be able to show their animal either way depending on show rules and how the judge allows them to show. Complete Article: Market Goat Showmanship-Part-II

Market Goat ShowmanshipGoat tied to fence
(Part I)

by Randy Williams,
Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator

Showmanship may be the single most important quality necessary for success in the show ring. A goat showman is responsible for presenting his/her goat in a manner that promotes the animal’s strengths and disguises its weaknesses. Concentrating on the development of proper showmanship skills will improve your chance of success. The combination of a high-quality showman and a high-quality goat makes a very competitive team. Some youth have a natural
talent for showing animals while others develop the skill of showing livestock.

Showmanship is not learned or developed overnight. Hard work goes into becoming an experienced showman. Time must be spent with your goat at home, months before the show, to identify its strengths and weaknesses and to properly train the animal to lead and brace. Showmanship should be fun and exciting for exhibitors. This is your opportunity to do everything
possible to make your goat look its best. A great goat showman is aware of everything
surrounding and involving the person/goat team. Market Goat Showmanship – Part-I

Market Lamb ShowmanshipFront view of lamb in showring
(Part III)

by Randy Williams,
Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator

Time to Show…

Appropriate dress

Lamb exhibitors do not have to follow a specific dress code unless an individual show requires a certain type of dress. Following are some suggested ideas for dressing for the show ring:

  • Dress neatly and professionally. Dress comfortably, yet appropriately for the show ring.
  • Wear a long-sleeved, button-front shirt or blouse. In extremely hot weather, a short-sleeved, button-front shirt is permissible. It is more professional than a polo-type shirt. The shirt should be tucked in.
  • Wear clean dress pants or jeans with a belt.
  • Spaghetti-straps, low-cut tops, blouses or T-shirts, and worn, ripped, or faded jeans have no place in the show ring.

MORE Information in COMPLETE Article: Market Lamb Showmanship – Part-III

Market Lamb Showmanship
(Part II)

by Randy Williams,
Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator


After lambs have learned to lead without a halter and to place their feet correctly each time they are stopped, you are ready to begin training your lamb to brace. In the braced position, the lamb’s muscles are tensed and its body feels firm, not soft. A firm handling lamb is more desirable because softness tends to indicate that an animal is fat. Teaching a lamb to brace can be one of the most frustrating parts of training. Some lambs naturally brace when pressure is properly applied to the chest, but most lambs tend to move backward. To properly brace an animal, the showman’s hands, knees, and feet must be positioned correctly. This will differ based on the showman’s size and what feels more comfortable . . . See complete Market Lamb Showmanship Part-II

Five views of front end of market lamb braced in the show-ring


By Randy Williams, Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator

Many of you may not be aware of Jackpot Shows for Youth Livestock Exhibitors. Typically, Jackpot Shows are a one day event open to ALL youth in different age brackets. 4-H and FFA members who are preparing their animals for County or State Fair can utilize these shows as a way to gain more experience in preparing, fitting and showing a steer, hog, lamb or goat.  Livestock enthusiasts who organize a Jackpot Show secure the show facility, seek sponsorship money from local businesses, advertise, and distribute entry forms. For most jackpot organizers, a highly qualified judge is critical to the success of the show; an individual who is knowledgeable, can relate to kids, and is talented on the microphone is paramount.

Shows will charge an entry fee (typically around $30-$40/head) that will be used to pay the judge, cover show costs (facility rental etc.) and . . . Jackpot Show-Explained complete article

Wheatland Jackpot Show Flyer (Beef)     May 21, 2016 at the Wheat Land Communities Fairgrounds

Reference to specific Jackpot events is provided for informational purposes only. No endorsement of the named jackpot/prospect show is intended, nor is criticism implied of similar shows not mentioned.  There are many other Jackpot and open events like the Wheatland Jackpot Show that may provide valuable experiences for youth. Please be aware that the WSU 4-H youth development program may not be the sponsor of some of these events and is not responsible for any of the activities or outcomes associated with the non 4-H sponsored shows.

Market Lamb Showmanship
(Part I)

by Randy Williams,Market Lamb on stand
Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator

Showmanship may be the single most important quality necessary for success in the animal show ring. A lamb showman is responsible for presenting his/her lamb in a manner that promotes the animal’s strengths and de-emphasizes its weaknesses. Concentrating on the development of proper showmanship skills will improve your chance of success. The combination of a high quality showman and a high-quality lamb makes a very competitive team. Market Lamb Showmanship -Part I

Swine ShowmanshipYoung girl washing a pig
(Part II)

by Randy Williams,
Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator

Preparation prior to the show is critical for your expected success at the show. The following are guidelines to follow: 1) One week prior to the show, 2) Leaving for the show, 3) At the fairgrounds, 4) Show morning, and 5) In the show ring.

One week before the show

  • If your pig is on a self-feeder, monitor its appearance closely. Some pigs may look more attractive if you begin to hand feed instead of remaining on the full feed.
  • Make sure your pig is . . Swine Showmanship Part II Complete Article

Swine ShowmanshipSwine Showmanship
(Part I)

by Randy Williams,
Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator


I am definitely a beef cattle judge, however, I have judged and witnessed many swine shows and judging classes over the years to know that even though, watching hogs being driven from outside the ring looks easy, it can be challenging from inside the ring as a showman.

There are certain basics in showing swine that even the youngest showman can work to achieve. While these ideas may seem to be very detailed, they are the keys to making the showmanship experience as positive as it can be. Always keep in mind while you prepare for your showmanship that a judge is looking to be impressed in the show ring. If you want to be competitive, you will . . . Swine Showmanship (Part II) Complete Article

Beef Cattle Showmanship (Part III)Beef Showmanship - Focus Belive Achieve by Country Couture Photography

by Randy Williams,
Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator

Show Day Preparation
Show day is finally here! There are many things that you will need to consider, now that you have spent months in preparation. All your hard work in selecting, feeding, managing, and training will finally be realized…TODAY!
You should be able to find out the show day schedule a day or so before the actual “show day”. Check to see which class you are showing in so that you can proceed with your agenda accordingly. On show day make sure your calf’s stall is clean and that they are fed and have . . . Complete Article – Beef Cattle Showmanship – Part III

Beef Cattle Showmanship 

(Part 2) by Randy WilliamsSteer Showmanship - foot-placement

Rinsing Your Calf and Working Hair

One of the biggest differences that I have witnessed as a beef cattle judge is observing show cattle that have had their hair “worked” and those that have not. Working hair on a daily basis 2-3 months prior to the first show has an amazing impact on the appearance of your calf. These cattle have a fresher and healthier look to them. This is especially true with cattle that are just coming off a long cold winter where they are beginning to shed their hair. Washing once a week and rinsing daily will promote this natural shedding process and enhance the growth of new hair. The use of a show conditioner (Show Sheen* or Sullivan’s Revive*) can also be used to enable the hair to stay soft and to promote a healthier hide on your calf and reduce the appearance of dead flaky skin.

Using the Show Stick

First and foremost, it is extremely important to have a “quality” show stick and very much worth the investment (do now take short-cuts here). By this I mean a show stick that is made of the right material (usually aluminum) and the appropriate length. . . . Complete Article – Beef Showmanship – Part II

 Beef showmanship - Success-isn't-a-givenBeef Cattle Showmanship

 (Part 1) by Randy Williams

This is the first of several articles to follow that will address many of the current issues and events relative to your involvement as a 4-H Program Volunteer or 4-H Member.

A good showman is a person that has a sense or knack for an effective presentation of an animal. Showmanship is the one area of exhibiting beef cattle over which you have the most control. In showmanship, you are judged on your abilities to control and present your steer or heifer to bring out its best characteristics. Advanced planning and hard work are the keys to becoming a good show-person. Showing beef cattle not only generates enthusiasm and competition in the show ring, but also teaches valuable lessons that can be used in day to day life. These lessons include responsibility, learning about work and determination to reach a goal, winning graciously and losing with dignity.

Success in beef cattle showmanship starts at home. The first step is . . .  Complete Article – Beef Showmanship Part-1
If you have any questions, feel free to contact me!
Randy Williams
Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator

randy.williams@wsu.edu  509-725-4171


Youth Pork Quality Assurance Training

All youth showing swine at the Grant County Fair and Adams County Fair and youth showing ANY market livestock species at the Wheat Land Communities Fair are required to be certified in the Quality Assurance Program. Youth over 11 years old are eligible to take a pass-out test that will certify them until they are 15 years old.  Anyone 15 years old can take a pass-out test that will certify them until they are 19 years old. There will be a PQA training in June and possibly (March/April) in Moses Lake. Watch for future PQA announcements.
Details from Sarah M. Smith   (509) 754-2011, Ext. 4313

Available On-Line

(Note: Most fairs require PQA certification for youth swine exhibitors. The Wheat Land Communities Fair requires PQA for ALL market species exhibitors who send animals through the sale.

The National Pork Board has launched a revised version of Youth Pork Quality Assurance (PQA) Plus, which includes an online training option. This will allow youth to go through the program at their own pace or in place of attending a face-to-face training or taking the pass-out test at the Grant/Adams Extension office.
Training is available for youth age 8 – 19 based on their age on January 1 of the certification year. Parents can register to manage their children’s training (parental registration is required for youth age 8 – 12). Or children 13 – 19 can self-register.

  • All registered users of the site MUST HAVE A UNIQUE EMAIL. If a family shares an email, the parent should register and manage all children’s training through the parent account.
  • Once the YOUTH has signed up for/activated an online training session, they will have 30 days to complete the training.
  • Youth who are in the intermediate and advanced age brackets will be presented an exam. The youth will have three opportunities to achieve a 70% or better score to pass the exam. This is a closed book exam. This is the Pass-Out Exam
  • For Intermediate and Advanced, the certification expiration date will be calculated based on their age in their bracket. Maximum length of certificate could be three years, at minimum a youth will earn a one year certificate.
  • See the Minimum Standards document at http://www.pork.org/filelibrary/youthpqaplus/Min%20Standards.pdf for an explanation of how expiration dates are calculated based on age/test out.

Link to the on-line PQA training: http://www.pork.org/youth-pqa-plus/

Sarah M. Smith
Extension Regional Specialist–Animal Sciences
WSU Grant-Adams Extension
1525 E. Wheeler Rd.
Moses Lake, WA 98837

Office Phone: (509) 754-2011, Ext. 4313
(800) 572-0119 (toll free in Washington)

Posted by Sarah Maki Smith:

Importance of Ethics

The following paragraph was written by Mark L. Wahlber from Viginia Polytech & State University.  He brings out some very good points, which I have underlined.

“Teaching ethics in the livestock program starts at home and at local clubs. It can’t be legislated. Sure, there need to be rules by which shows operate, and penalties that will be imposed if those rules are broken. Some shows have exhibitors agree to a Code of Conduct before they participate. But ethics deals with doing the right thing, not just what is within the bounds of the rules. It is not what you can get away with. Ethics is an attitude, and involves a conscience. Ethics is taught by example – a good example. Adults can only be reminded of what’s right or wrong, because they have already learned this. Young people, on the other hand, are still learning. We have a teachable moment! The lessons learned now will last a lifetime.”

I encourage youth and parents to keep Mr. Wahlber’s words in mind when preparing and conducting themselves for competitions involving 4-H/FFA livestock.  Are you really a champion?—ask your conscience!  If you had to break rules or used unethical techniques (written or unwritten—you know what they are) was your animal really the best or were you a champion?   Remember, many animals and showman that did not receive purple ribbons are champions because they conducted themselves in an ethical and sportsmanship like manner.  And not all purple ribbons are champions—if you cannot look yourself in the mirror and feel good about what you did—then you just experienced a shallow victory!

Publication: Judging Beef Cattle and Oral Reasons 101

The Oral Reasons section is great information to help members explain their decisions for all species. Available online at:

Livestock Resourcesget_adobe_reader

Reminder: Use the latest PDF reader for your computer or device. “Get Adobe Reader” or search for “Free PDF Reader.”

State FFA/4-H Memorandum of Understanding
EM2778 WA 4-H Projects & Publications
Animal Science Curriculum – National 4-H
WA State 4-H Policy

Central WA Ag Team Beef Resources
Health Records
Judging Beef Cattle and Oral Reasons 101 
Monitoring Your Steer’s Progress
WA 4-H Beef Curricula
4-H Beef – Resources Publications
National 4-H Beef Curriculum

Club/Group/Learning Activities
Fun Club/Group Activity – Theme: “Resiliency (PDF) Word
Make a Rope Halter

Fairs, Shows, & Contests
Adams Co. 4-H State Fair Livestock Judging Policy
Lincoln-Adams Fair Page
Lincoln-Adams Livestock Judging
Taking Your Animal Off The Farm Checklist
WA State Fair & Show Dates

Central WA Ag Team Resources
Training, Grooming and Showing Market Goats
Goat Meat Facts – (Poster – LARGE PDF file)
Health Records
Selecting a 4-H/FFA Meat Goat Project Animal
WA-4-H Goat Resources Publications
National 4-H Dairy Goat Curriculum
National 4-H Meat Goat Curriculum

Lincoln-Adams 4-H Horse Resources

WA-4-H Poultry Resources Publications
National 4-H Poultry Curriculum

Central WA Ag Team Resources
Health Records
Monitoring Your Lamb’s Progress
National 4-H Sheep Curriculum
Successfully Slick Shearing Show Lambs
Tail Docking Policy
Training, Grooming and Showing Market Lambs
WA-4-H Sheep Resources Publications

Central WA Ag Team Resources
Health Records
Judging Swine and Oral Reasons 101 
Importance of Pork Quality in youth Swine Projects

Pork Gateway Pork Information Gateway
An interactive information network focused on answering pork producers’ questions and providing extensive information on all facets of pork production!  There are fact sheets, short videos, how-to guides and numerous other references covering a wide range of subjects.  This free and easy to use resource is a valuable tool related to the production of pigs and pork.

WA-4-H Swine Resources WSU Publications
National 4-H Swine Curriculum
More Swine information

Animal Ag Team e-Newsletter
Appropriate use of 4-H Name . . . Livestock Sales, Auctions
Central WA Ag Team
Fair Animals are Food Animals
Fundraising: Private Support for the 4-H Program
Livestock & Ag Links
Lincoln County 4-H State Fair Livestock Judging Policy
Lincoln Co. Livestock Judging Contest Superintendent Job Description
Lincoln Co. Livestock Program Commitment to Excellence
Market Livestock Profitability
National Show Ring Code of Ethics
National 4-H Materials – Searchable
Other Lincoln-Adams Forms & Publications
Record Book Add Sheets for Animal Projects
Teaching Techniques
Temperature Concerns for Livestock

WSU Carcass Calculator

The WSU Livestock Carcass Grade & Cutability Calculator

(Free app available on both Android and iOS)

The calculator is an excellent way for producers, niche marketers, butchers, livestock judges, meat evaluators, and youth to quickly determine the yield grade and cutability of beef, pork or lamb carcasses.

Android link:  https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=edu.wsu.meatcalculator

iTune Store link:  https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/livestock-carcass-calculator/id1022439322?mt=8

For More Information Contact:
Sarah M. Smith, smithsm@wsu.edu or 509-754-2011 x4363
Jan Busboom, busboom@wsu.edu or 509-335-2880

Market Livestock Affidavit & Health Recordsget_adobe_reader

Note: Last Revision – 2008. Check with the specific show, fair, or sale committee for from requirements. You should take a form with you when you PURCHASE an animal. Keep and update as needed till fair time.

Dairy Heifer Health Record (PDF)
Beef Health Record (PDF)
Beef Health Record (Word)
Goat Health Record (PDF)
Lamb Health Record (PDF)
Lamb Health Record (Word)
Swine Health Record (PDF)
Swine Health Record (Word)
Supplemental Health Record* (PDF)
Animal Supplemental Health Record (Word)
*This supplemental form is suitable for youth producers raising their animals from birth or animals that suffer serious illness or injury that require additional record keeping entries for treatments or medicated feed.

If You Have a Question:

  • About your 4-H project or policy – ask your leader or refer to the
    WA State 4-H Development Program Policy
  • About the health of your animal – ask your veterinarian
  • About Fair entry/animal management requirements- contact the specific Fair. (Fairs/sales may have livestock management period requirements longer than the minimum required in the WA State 4-H Policy)

Market Livestock Health Issues

Visit the WSU Vet Med 4-H Livestock Training Page for

  • Housing Environments
  • Animal Diesease Screening Tools
  • Biosecurity including Swine PED, Livestock Exhibitor Checklist, Fair Signs & more
  • Quality Assurance
  • Disease Prevention

For those with no or slow internet access, Lincoln-Adams volunteers can contact Karen or call 659-3209 or 725-4171 to make arrangements to view.

The WSU Veterinary Medicine Extension site is a good place to visit for up to date information related to ag. animal health.

Swine Clipping Rule

Many fairs and sales have a Swine Clipping Rule : similar to this: clip
swine body hair NO LESS than 1/2 inch, No body shaving. ONLY cordless
clippers allowed in the barn. Any swine clipped less than 1/2 inch
will be disqualified from the show. The decision to disqualify
a swine will be made by the swine superintendents. Head, ear and tail clipping are the exception
to the above rule.

WHY?! Clipping makes hair removal during the
butchering process difficult. Typically, the carcass is scalded
after slaughter, and then the hair is removed by scraping with
tools similar to curry combs. If the hair is longer, it’s easier
to scrape clean. Cuts of meat that are smoked, like belly’s
(for bacon) and hams, are left with the hide on, but nobody wants
the hair on as well!

Clipping Hogs PDF

Swine Resources

Swine resources from the WSU Extension Veterinary Medicine site

Swine Showmanship Basics

7/23/08 Sarah M. Smith

Some of you request to know what the judge
will be looking for concerning Swine Showmanship. Rusty
Finch, one of the 2008 Grant County Fair, was gracious enough
to provide the basics of what swine judges are looking for concerning
Showmanship. Here are the basics:

  1. Keep them moving.
  2. Clip hogs with a 3/4″ guard. Excessively hairy hogs
    are considered unfit. For harvest purposes, our packers
    (“turned” hog buyer has requested that hogs have a
    minimum of ¾” hair on their body (does not include
    ears or tail). Please maintain at lease ¾” hair
    length on the body of the pigs.
  3. Prefer the showman’s stance and posture to be more upright rather
    than bent over.
  4. Showman will be expected to pen their hogs.
  5. Keep their eye on the judge.
  6. Light weight show crops (whips, pvc, plastics) are preferred
    over blunt wooden canes.

Sarah M. Smith

Area Extension Faculty–Animal Sciences

WSU Grant-Adams Extension


*This page provides links to external sites for the convenience of users. These external sites are not managed by the WSU Extension. Furthermore, WSU Extension does not review, control or take responsibility for the content of these sites, nor do these sites implicitly or explicitly represent official positions and policies of WSU Extension. Reference to commercial services, non-4-H activities, products or trade names is made with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement by WSU Extension or 4-H is implied.

Livestock Resource List   See NEW Beef & Swine Judging Publications & links to Livestock Carcass Calculator!

Randy Williams

Randy Williams

(East) Adams Co.
4-H Program Coordinator

My name is Randy Williams and I became the Lincoln/Adams 4-H Program Coordinator in November, 2015.

I am originally from the Reardan/Davenport area where I was raised on a wheat and cattle operation. I graduated high school from Reardan and received my Bachelors Degree in Agricultural Education and Masters Degree in Animal Science from WSU where I conducted meat animal research, taught the Advanced Livestock Selection course and coached the Collegiate Livestock Judging team. My teaching career has spanned over 34 years at Ephrata, Mead and Medical Lake High Schools. I served as Ag teacher and FFA Advisor and am honored to have positively influenced the lives of thousands of kids during my professional career. I also have and continue to serve as Beef Cattle Judge at many county and regional shows across the northwest and California.

My 4-H Program Coordinator responsibilities:

  • Provide oversight and leadership.
  • Manage the 90+ volunteer leaders for the 12+ 4-H clubs and over 230 members with a focus on Animal Science.
  • Develop, promote and facilitate 4-H youth development education programs such as clinics, shows and competitions.

I am excited and look forward to the opportunity to serve YOU!
Randy Williams
 Phone 509-725-4171

Dr. Paul Kuber

Dr. Paul Kuber

NE Washington Regional
Livestock Extension Specialist

Dr. Paul Kuber has been the WSU NE Washington Regional Livestock Extension Specialist since February 1, 2015. Paul serves a multi-county region across northeastern Washington and is headquartered at the Lincoln County WSU Extension Office in Davenport.

Paul comes to us from Ohio State University where he has held teaching, research, and extension appointments since 2004. Prior to that time he was on the Animal and Veterinary Sciences Faculty at the University of Idaho. Paul completed his PhD in Animal Sciences at WSU in 2001, MS in Animal Science at the University of Nebraska, and BS in Animal Science Cal State Fresno.

WSU Extension Davenport Office:
509-725 4171 Tues – Thursday
WSU Extension Spokane Office:
Lauren Hrncirik, M.S. continues in her role as the 4-H Youth Development Regional Specialist for the Grant-Adams Lincoln Area and Karen Robertson continues in her WSU Extension Program Support Role, assisting Lincoln-(East) Adams WSU faculty, volunteers, and the 4-H program.