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Coronavirus COVID-19

COVID-19 Advisory: WSU Extension is working to keep our communities safe. All Extension programming is being provided virtually, postponed, or canceled. Effective March 16, 2020, WSU Extension county offices and WSU Research & Extension Centers will be closed to the public. We are available via email, phone, and webconference.

4-H Livestock News & Resources

Program Contact: Bridget Rohner, WSU Extension Youth Family & Community Education, Lincoln-Adams
(509) 725-4171 •

Program Contact: Randy Williams, Lincoln-Adams 4-H Program Coordinator
(509) 725-4171  •


YQCA - Youth for the Quality Care of Animals - Logo

Youth for the Quality Care of Animals 

Attention 4-H Leaders of Youth 4-H members that plan to exhibit ANY Market Animal (beef, hogs, lambs, meat goats, poultry and/or rabbits) at the 2020 Wheatland Community Fair, Grant County Fair and the Othello Community Fair.  Again this year, the Fair Livestock Committees have mandated that all 4-H members must be current with their YQCA Certification.

ATTENTION:  YQCA Instructor Led Training

Because of the current Public Health Crisis and the restriction of face to face meetings, The YQCA Instructor Led Training for 4-H members attending the 2020 Othello Fair originally scheduled for April 27th has been cancelled and will be rescheduled for a later date in May or June 2020.

When a date has been se the course will offered at the Othello School District Bus Garage, 2040 S. Broadway Avenue and  run for approximately 1 hour and 1/2 hours.

Please share this announcement of the YQCA training and the “How to Register for the Training.”  If you have questions on how to register, contact Randy Williams, Lincoln-Adams 4-H Program Coordinator, at 509-869-1818 or

YQCA is also available as an online program for youth everywhere in the United States.

CLICK HERE For “How to register for instructor led YQCA Training”

Youth for the Quality Care of Animals (YQCA) is a national multi-species quality assurance program for youth ages 8 to 21 with a focus on three core pillars: food safety, animal well-being, and character development.

YQCA certification is being accepted by many livestock shows and fairs that require youth quality assurance certification. YQCA is a multi-species program that covers small and large food producing animals (pigs, beef cattle, dairy cattle, sheep, goats, rabbits and poultry).

 *Currently YQCA is not required at Jr Livestock Show or Spokane County Fair. But neighboring 4-H Counties like Whitman, Adams, Benton Franklin are requiring this program.

Market Steer
Weigh and Tag Day

Cartoon cow on scale

Grant County 4-H/FFA Steer Weigh and Tag Day is Saturday, April 13, 2019 from 2:00 – 6:00 p.m. at the Grant County Fairgrounds.


All Grant County Fair steers, 4-H and FFA, must be weighed and tagged at this time in order to show and sell at the fair.

Each exhibitor is allowed to weigh in two steers maximum—they do not have to declare if they are 4-H or FFA at this time.  There will be a make-up day the following Tuesday, April 16th from 5:00 – 7:00 p.m. Please call to make arrangements with Mike Garneau, 509.770.1575 for a make-up appointment prior to April 13th.

Grant County Fair Lamb and Goat Weigh and Tag Day

The Grant County 4-H/FFA lamb and goat weigh and tag day is Friday, June 14, 2019 from 1:00– 6:00 p.m.
at the Grant County Fairgrounds
.All 4-H and FFA market lambs and goats that will be exhibited at the Grant County Fair must be tagged and weighed at this time. If this date and time does not work for you, contact Sheep Superintendent, Gene Champion, 509.855.8420 or Sarah Smith, 509.760.6946 prior to June 14th to make other arrangements.
Cartoon of sheep and goat on scale
Please make sure that all lambs have proper scrapie identification at weigh-in—this includes both female and male lambs. Lambs that do not have scrapie tags in their ears will not be weighed and are NOT eligible to show in the market lamb division of the Grant County Fair.


YQCA - Youth for the Quality Care of Animals - Logo

Youth for the Quality Care of Animals (YQCA) is a national multi-species quality assurance program for youth ages 8 to 21 with a focus on three core pillars:  Food Safety, Animal Well-being and Character Development.

YQCA certification is being accepted by many livestock shows and fairs that require youth quality assurance certification.  To date, all 4-H Meat Animal Exhibitors attending the Wheatland Community Fair, Grant County Fair and Othello Community Fair must meet YQCA Certification standards.  To participate in the YQCA online program go to

YQCA includes information for youth showing the following food animals:

*Beef Cattle
*Dairy Cattle
*Market Rabbits

YQCA is available as an online program for youth everywhere in the United States.  YQCA is also offered as an instructor led training and as a test out certification. Contact the entity requiring your YQCA certification to see which is available in your state or contact  Learn more about each type of training here.

YQCA provides educational programs to clientele on a nondiscriminatory basic.

For more information, visit the Goals of YQCA page.

If you have additional questions, contact Randy Williams,; 509-869-1818, Paul Kuber at , or Sarah Smith at the WSU Grant-Adams Extension office at or 509-754-2011 ext. 4313.


Market Livestock Health Forms

Don’t wait till Fair time to complete the Quality Assurance (QA) Market Animal form!! Take a blank form with you when your PURCHASE your animal and acquire the necessary information from the SELLER.

The completed QA Form is required for all Meat Animal Exhibitors and must be presented to the Livestock Superintendent at the time of animal “Weigh In.”  Click HERE for forms.

Visit the Fairs page for local Fairs
Visit the Other Fairs page for more Fairs & Livestock Shows

10 Things That Matter WAY More Than Where You Place With Your Livestock

Posted with permission from Ranch House Designs*

As a young person, I was very fortunate to spend nearly 10 years showing in junior and open cattle shows with my family. And, we were also very thankful to have tremendous success at all levels. My sister and I still hold the record for the most number of grand championships . . .

It has been more than 10 years since I showed in a junior show (wow I feel old), but now that I look back on showing, I have realized that there are certain things that are WAY more important than where you place at the show, and how much you spend on your animal. These are things that NO ONE can take away from you, no matter how old you are, where you are from, or where life takes you.

  1. Do your own work.
  2. Be kind of others. Basic kindness is one of the most important things you can practice when you’re at a livestock show. There are thousands of opportunities to do this at a show, . . .
  3. Say Thank You. You can never say thank you enough . . .
  4. Learn from successful people. When you go to a show, it doesn’t take too long to realize the people who are “in the know”. . . .
  5. Enjoy family time together. . . .
  6. Inspire someone else. Trust me – you will – even if you don’t realize it. Right now, no matter who you are, where you are from, or how old you are, I promise you there is someone out there who looks up to you. . . .
  7. Learn the business side of things. Showing livestock teaches you a lot about business, and that is something you will always use. . .
  8. Make friends. . . .
  9. Apply For (And Earn) Scholarships. The scholarship aspect of being involved in showing livestock is huge! . . .
  10. Learn that It’s Okay to Fail.  . . . It’s hard to lose. It’s hard to fail, whether it is in a show ring, in life, in school, in elections, in businesses, or in relationships. But everyone has failed somewhere. And the good thing is, it is never too late to start over or try again. Showing cattle teaches us to take risks.  . . .

Complete Article:
Thanks to Randy Williams, Lincoln-Adams 4-H Program Coordinator, for spotting and sharing this article.

Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) – What 4-H Livestock Exhibitors Need To Know

As YOU begin to purchase and feed your livestock for the Junior Livestock Show or county fair this spring and summer there is one additional item that is important for you to consider in feeding, managing and keeping records for your animal.

The use of medications in feed has been an effective and convenient method to prevent and treat certain disease conditions in groups of livestock. The proper use of feed medications has changed and will need to be under the oversight and order of a veterinarian. The order is known as a veterinary feed directive (VFD). Read more in Complete VFD Article

Livestock Showing Teaches Life Lessons

youth showing steerBy Jenn Carrico,
Field Editor, High Plains/Midwest Ag Journal
Used with permission

Jan 27, 2017

At nearly every cattle show I attend with my kids, the judge offers a few extra words of wisdom prior to selecting the grand champion. Our recent trip to the National Western Stock Show in Denver was no different. My daughter, Kassidy, was fortunate enough to place first or second in her class with her market steer each of the last four years. Those steers have returned to the ring later, to walk across the green carpet in hopes of being named grand or reserve champion. During this year’s show, judge, Dave Duello said something I won’t soon forget. Duello said, “Surround yourself with good people and keep dreaming.”

No matter what you are doing or where you are going, that is true. We often wonder if our children hear these wise words, given by folks . . . Complete Article

Misc. items for keeping 4-H livestock records4-H Record Keeping

by Randy Williams,
Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator

January 27, 2017
There are many reasons why kids decide to join 4-H. One of the most popular is the love of farm animals. Having the opportunity to care, feed and manage an animal brings a lot of satisfaction to our daily lives. We realize that the well-being of our project depends upon US and for most of us that is a great feeling. Some of you enjoy showing your animals at Jackpots, County Fairs and Regional Livestock Shows. Those who take this activity real serious spend hours training, clipping and preparing. This is your MOST favorite part of raising an animal! I would be willing to bet, however, that one of your LEAST favorite responsibilities is KEEPING RECORDS! Recordkeeping helps . . . Complete article includes link to livestock record keeping ap.

82nd Annual Jr. Livestock Show of Spokane
May 2-6, 2017

Registration is now open for the Jr. Livestock Show of Spokane. Their main website is “taking too long to respond” and isn’t loading easily . . . however – click the links below for the show schedule and the Registration Page.

2017 Spokane-Jr-Livestock-Show Schedule

Jr Show Registration Link

Reminder if you plan to enter – be sure your 4-H enrollment is officially activated!

New Antibiotic Rules Will Apply to Youth Livestock Exhibitors

From Article written by Marlys Miller, Pork Checkoff Report Magazine Summer 2016

Even though the following article is directed to youth swine exhibitors, FDA’s Guidance 209 and the Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) rule will apply to ALL large animal livestock; beef, sheep, swine, lamb and goats intended for food consumption.

For youth swine exhibitors, parents and project advisors, Jan. 1, 2017, will usher in major changes in accessing medicated feeds for show pigs. That’s when the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) will implement new rules, known as Guidance 209, for antibiotic use in all animals raised for food.

Antibiotics identified as medically important (to human health) will no longer be available . . Complete Article: Antibiotic Rules for Youth Livestock Exhibitors

Click HERE for Good Video on Understanding Medicated Feed Labels

Market Goat Showmanship

(Part III)Front view of goat in showring

by Randy Williams,
Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator

Show Time!
Preparing for a show involves attention to many important details that may vary depending on the show. Always consider the basics of animal food, water, and shelter. Calculate the amount of feed required while traveling and at the show. Use a container that is easily transported and will keep the feed clean, dry, and fresh. Carry a little extra feed in case of a spill. Collect measuring devices, buckets, and feed troughs that will be needed at the show. Complete Market Goat Showmanship – Part III Article



Market Goat Showmanship

(Part II)

by Randy Williams,Market goat braced against showperson's leg
Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator

Bracing To prepare to be competitive in any situation, goats should be taught to brace. Some shows, by rule, may not allow bracing. Certain judges may or may not allow showmen to brace their animals. If a show has no rules against the practice and a judge allows showmen to present their animals on a brace, do not be surprised to see the animals that are braced stand at the top of the class. Therefore, showmen should train goats both to brace and stand in place so they will be able to show their animal either way depending on show rules and how the judge allows them to show. Complete Article: Market Goat Showmanship-Part-II

Market Goat ShowmanshipGoat tied to fence
(Part I)

by Randy Williams,
Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator

Showmanship may be the single most important quality necessary for success in the show ring. A goat showman is responsible for presenting his/her goat in a manner that promotes the animal’s strengths and disguises its weaknesses. Concentrating on the development of proper showmanship skills will improve your chance of success. The combination of a high-quality showman and a high-quality goat makes a very competitive team. Some youth have a natural
talent for showing animals while others develop the skill of showing livestock.

Showmanship is not learned or developed overnight. Hard work goes into becoming an experienced showman. Time must be spent with your goat at home, months before the show, to identify its strengths and weaknesses and to properly train the animal to lead and brace. Showmanship should be fun and exciting for exhibitors. This is your opportunity to do everything
possible to make your goat look its best. A great goat showman is aware of everything
surrounding and involving the person/goat team. Market Goat Showmanship – Part-I

Market Lamb ShowmanshipFront view of lamb in showring
(Part III)

by Randy Williams,
Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator

Time to Show…

Appropriate dress

Lamb exhibitors do not have to follow a specific dress code unless an individual show requires a certain type of dress. Following are some suggested ideas for dressing for the show ring:

  • Dress neatly and professionally. Dress comfortably, yet appropriately for the show ring.
  • Wear a long-sleeved, button-front shirt or blouse. In extremely hot weather, a short-sleeved, button-front shirt is permissible. It is more professional than a polo-type shirt. The shirt should be tucked in.
  • Wear clean dress pants or jeans with a belt.
  • Spaghetti-straps, low-cut tops, blouses or T-shirts, and worn, ripped, or faded jeans have no place in the show ring.

Market Lamb Showmanship Part-III

Market Lamb Showmanship
(Part II)

by Randy Williams,
Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator


After lambs have learned to lead without a halter and to place their feet correctly each time they are stopped, you are ready to begin training your lamb to brace. In the braced position, the lamb’s muscles are tensed and its body feels firm, not soft. A firm handling lamb is more desirable because softness tends to indicate that an animal is fat. Teaching a lamb to brace can be one of the most frustrating parts of training. Some lambs naturally brace when pressure is properly applied to the chest, but most lambs tend to move backward. To properly brace an animal, the showman’s hands, knees, and feet must be positioned correctly. This will differ based on the showman’s size and what feels more comfortable . . . Market Lamb Showmanship – Part-II

Five views of front end of market lamb braced in the show-ring


By Randy Williams, Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator

Many of you may not be aware of Jackpot Shows for Youth Livestock Exhibitors. Typically, Jackpot Shows are a one day event open to ALL youth in different age brackets. 4-H and FFA members who are preparing their animals for County or State Fair can utilize these shows as a way to gain more experience in preparing, fitting and showing a steer, hog, lamb or goat.  Livestock enthusiasts who organize a Jackpot Show secure the show facility, seek sponsorship money from local businesses, advertise, and distribute entry forms. For most jackpot organizers, a highly qualified judge is critical to the success of the show; an individual who is knowledgeable, can relate to kids, and is talented on the microphone is paramount.

Shows will charge an entry fee (typically around $30-$40/head) that will be used to pay the judge, cover show costs (facility rental etc.) and . . . Jackpot Show-Explained complete article


Reference to specific Jackpot events is provided for informational purposes only. No endorsement of the named jackpot/prospect show is intended, nor is criticism implied of similar shows not mentioned.  There are many other Jackpot and open events like the Wheatland Jackpot Show that may provide valuable experiences for youth. Please be aware that the WSU 4-H youth development program may not be the sponsor of some of these events and is not responsible for any of the activities or outcomes associated with the non 4-H sponsored shows.

Market Lamb Showmanship
(Part I)

by Randy Williams,Market Lamb on stand
Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator

Showmanship may be the single most important quality necessary for success in the animal show ring. A lamb showman is responsible for presenting his/her lamb in a manner that promotes the animal’s strengths and de-emphasizes its weaknesses. Concentrating on the development of proper showmanship skills will improve your chance of success. The combination of a high quality showman and a high-quality lamb makes a very competitive team. Market Lamb Showmanship Part-I

Swine ShowmanshipYoung girl washing a pig
(Part II)

by Randy Williams,
Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator

Preparation prior to the show is critical for your expected success at the show. The following are guidelines to follow: 1) One week prior to the show, 2) Leaving for the show, 3) At the fairgrounds, 4) Show morning, and 5) In the show ring.

One week before the show

  • If your pig is on a self-feeder, monitor its appearance closely. Some pigs may look more attractive if you begin to hand feed instead of remaining on the full feed.
  • Make sure your pig is . . Swine Showmanship Part II Complete Article

Swine ShowmanshipSwine Showmanship
(Part I)

by Randy Williams,
Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator


I am definitely a beef cattle judge, however, I have judged and witnessed many swine shows and judging classes over the years to know that even though, watching hogs being driven from outside the ring looks easy, it can be challenging from inside the ring as a showman.

There are certain basics in showing swine that even the youngest showman can work to achieve. While these ideas may seem to be very detailed, they are the keys to making the showmanship experience as positive as it can be. Always keep in mind while you prepare for your showmanship that a judge is looking to be impressed in the show ring. If you want to be competitive, you will . . . Swine Showmanship (Part II) Complete Article

Beef Cattle Showmanship (Part III)Beef Showmanship - Focus Belive Achieve by Country Couture Photography

by Randy Williams,
Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator

Show Day Preparation
Show day is finally here! There are many things that you will need to consider, now that you have spent months in preparation. All your hard work in selecting, feeding, managing, and training will finally be realized…TODAY!
You should be able to find out the show day schedule a day or so before the actual “show day”. Check to see which class you are showing in so that you can proceed with your agenda accordingly. On show day make sure your calf’s stall is clean and that they are fed and have . . . Complete Article – Beef Cattle Showmanship – Part III

Beef Cattle Showmanship 

(Part 2) by Randy WilliamsSteer Showmanship - foot-placement

Rinsing Your Calf and Working Hair

One of the biggest differences that I have witnessed as a beef cattle judge is observing show cattle that have had their hair “worked” and those that have not. Working hair on a daily basis 2-3 months prior to the first show has an amazing impact on the appearance of your calf. These cattle have a fresher and healthier look to them. This is especially true with cattle that are just coming off a long cold winter where they are beginning to shed their hair. Washing once a week and rinsing daily will promote this natural shedding process and enhance the growth of new hair. The use of a show conditioner (Show Sheen* or Sullivan’s Revive*) can also be used to enable the hair to stay soft and to promote a healthier hide on your calf and reduce the appearance of dead flaky skin.

Using the Show Stick

First and foremost, it is extremely important to have a “quality” show stick and very much worth the investment (do now take short-cuts here). By this I mean a show stick that is made of the right material (usually aluminum) and the appropriate length. . . . Complete Article – Beef Showmanship – Part II

 Beef showmanship - Success-isn't-a-givenBeef Cattle Showmanship

 (Part 1) by Randy Williams

This is the first of several articles to follow that will address many of the current issues and events relative to your involvement as a 4-H Program Volunteer or 4-H Member.

A good showman is a person that has a sense or knack for an effective presentation of an animal. Showmanship is the one area of exhibiting beef cattle over which you have the most control. In showmanship, you are judged on your abilities to control and present your steer or heifer to bring out its best characteristics. Advanced planning and hard work are the keys to becoming a good show-person. Showing beef cattle not only generates enthusiasm and competition in the show ring, but also teaches valuable lessons that can be used in day to day life. These lessons include responsibility, learning about work and determination to reach a goal, winning graciously and losing with dignity.

Success in beef cattle showmanship starts at home. The first step is . . .  Complete Article – Beef Showmanship Part-1
If you have any questions, feel free to contact me!
Randy Williams
Lincoln/East Adams 4-H Program Coordinator  509-725-4171

Importance of Ethics

The following paragraph was written by Mark L. Wahlber from Viginia Polytech & State University.  He brings out some very good points, which I have underlined.

“Teaching ethics in the livestock program starts at home and at local clubs. It can’t be legislated. Sure, there need to be rules by which shows operate, and penalties that will be imposed if those rules are broken. Some shows have exhibitors agree to a Code of Conduct before they participate. But ethics deals with doing the right thing, not just what is within the bounds of the rules. It is not what you can get away with. Ethics is an attitude, and involves a conscience. Ethics is taught by example – a good example. Adults can only be reminded of what’s right or wrong, because they have already learned this. Young people, on the other hand, are still learning. We have a teachable moment! The lessons learned now will last a lifetime.”

I encourage youth and parents to keep Mr. Wahlber’s words in mind when preparing and conducting themselves for competitions involving 4-H/FFA livestock.  Are you really a champion?—ask your conscience!  If you had to break rules or used unethical techniques (written or unwritten—you know what they are) was your animal really the best or were you a champion?   Remember, many animals and showman that did not receive purple ribbons are champions because they conducted themselves in an ethical and sportsmanship like manner.  And not all purple ribbons are champions—if you cannot look yourself in the mirror and feel good about what you did—then you just experienced a shallow victory!

Publication: Judging Beef Cattle and Oral Reasons 101

The Oral Reasons section is great information to help members explain their decisions for all species. Available online at:

Livestock Resourcesget_adobe_reader

Reminder: Use the latest PDF reader for your computer or device. “Get Adobe Reader” or search for “Free PDF Reader.”

State FFA/4-H Memorandum of Understanding
EM2778 WA 4-H Projects & Publications
Animal Science Curriculum – National 4-H
WA State 4-H Policy

Central WA Ag Team Beef Resources
Health Records
Judging Beef Cattle and Oral Reasons 101 
Monitoring Your Steer’s Progress
WA 4-H Beef Curricula
4-H Beef – Resources Publications
National 4-H Beef Curriculum

Club/Group/Learning Activities
Fun Club/Group Activity – Theme: “Resiliency (PDF) Word
Make a Rope Halter

Fairs, Shows, & Contests
Adams Co. 4-H State Fair Livestock Judging Policy
Lincoln-Adams Fair Page
Lincoln-Adams Livestock Judging
Taking Your Animal Off The Farm Checklist
WA State Fair & Show Dates

Central WA Ag Team Resources
Training, Grooming and Showing Market Goats
Goat Meat Facts – (Poster – LARGE PDF file)
Health Records
Selecting a 4-H/FFA Meat Goat Project Animal
WA-4-H Goat Resources Publications
National 4-H Dairy Goat Curriculum
National 4-H Meat Goat Curriculum

Lincoln-Adams 4-H Horse Resources

WA-4-H Poultry Resources Publications
National 4-H Poultry Curriculum

Central WA Ag Team Resources
Health Records
Monitoring Your Lamb’s Progress
National 4-H Sheep Curriculum
Successfully Slick Shearing Show Lambs
Tail Docking Policy
Training, Grooming and Showing Market Lambs
WA-4-H Sheep Resources Publications

Central WA Ag Team Resources
Health Records
Judging Swine and Oral Reasons 101 
Importance of Pork Quality in youth Swine Projects

Pork Gateway Pork Information Gateway
An interactive information network focused on answering pork producers’ questions and providing extensive information on all facets of pork production!  There are fact sheets, short videos, how-to guides and numerous other references covering a wide range of subjects.  This free and easy to use resource is a valuable tool related to the production of pigs and pork.

WA-4-H Swine Resources WSU Publications
National 4-H Swine Curriculum
More Swine information

Animal Ag Team e-Newsletter
Appropriate use of 4-H Name . . . Livestock Sales, Auctions
Central WA Ag Team
Fair Animals are Food Animals
Fundraising: Private Support for the 4-H Program
Livestock & Ag Links
Lincoln County 4-H State Fair Livestock Judging Policy
Lincoln Co. Livestock Judging Contest Superintendent Job Description
Lincoln Co. Livestock Program Commitment to Excellence
Market Livestock Profitability
National Show Ring Code of Ethics
National 4-H Materials – Searchable
Other Lincoln-Adams Forms & Publications
Record Book Add Sheets for Animal Projects
Teaching Techniques
Temperature Concerns for Livestock

WSU Carcass Calculator

The WSU Livestock Carcass Grade & Cutability Calculator

(Free app available on both Android and iOS)

The calculator is an excellent way for producers, niche marketers, butchers, livestock judges, meat evaluators, and youth to quickly determine the yield grade and cutability of beef, pork or lamb carcasses.

Android link:

iTune Store link:

For More Information Contact:
Sarah M. Smith, or 509-754-2011 x4363
Jan Busboom, or 509-335-2880

Market Livestock Affidavit & Health Recordsget_adobe_reader

Note: Last Revision – 2008. Check with the specific show, fair, or sale committee for from requirements. You should take a form with you when you PURCHASE an animal. Keep and update as needed till fair time.

Dairy Heifer Health Record (PDF)
Beef Health Record (PDF)
Beef Health Record (Word)
Goat Health Record (PDF)
Lamb Health Record (PDF)
Lamb Health Record (Word)
Swine Health Record (PDF)
Swine Health Record (Word)
Supplemental Health Record* (PDF)
Animal Supplemental Health Record (Word)
*This supplemental form is suitable for youth producers raising their animals from birth or animals that suffer serious illness or injury that require additional record keeping entries for treatments or medicated feed.

If You Have a Question:

  • About your 4-H project or policy – ask your leader or refer to the
    WA State 4-H Development Program Policy
  • About the health of your animal – ask your veterinarian
  • About Fair entry/animal management requirements- contact the specific Fair. (Fairs/sales may have livestock management period requirements longer than the minimum required in the WA State 4-H Policy)

Market Livestock Health Issues

Visit the WSU Vet Med 4-H Livestock Training Page for

  • Housing Environments
  • Animal Diesease Screening Tools
  • Biosecurity including Swine PED, Livestock Exhibitor Checklist, Fair Signs & more
  • Quality Assurance
  • Disease Prevention

For those with no or slow internet access, Lincoln-Adams volunteers can contact Karen or call 659-3209 or 725-4171 to make arrangements to view.

The WSU Veterinary Medicine Extension site is a good place to visit for up to date information related to ag. animal health.

Swine Clipping Rule

Many fairs and sales have a Swine Clipping Rule : similar to this: clip
swine body hair NO LESS than 1/2 inch, No body shaving. ONLY cordless
clippers allowed in the barn. Any swine clipped less than 1/2 inch
will be disqualified from the show. The decision to disqualify
a swine will be made by the swine superintendents. Head, ear and tail clipping are the exception
to the above rule.

WHY?! Clipping makes hair removal during the
butchering process difficult. Typically, the carcass is scalded
after slaughter, and then the hair is removed by scraping with
tools similar to curry combs. If the hair is longer, it’s easier
to scrape clean. Cuts of meat that are smoked, like belly’s
(for bacon) and hams, are left with the hide on, but nobody wants
the hair on as well!

Clipping Hogs PDF

Swine Resources

Swine resources from the WSU Extension Veterinary Medicine site

Swine Showmanship Basics

7/23/08 Sarah M. Smith

Some of you request to know what the judge
will be looking for concerning Swine Showmanship. Rusty
Finch, one of the 2008 Grant County Fair, was gracious enough
to provide the basics of what swine judges are looking for concerning
Showmanship. Here are the basics:

  1. Keep them moving.
  2. Clip hogs with a 3/4″ guard. Excessively hairy hogs
    are considered unfit. For harvest purposes, our packers
    (“turned” hog buyer has requested that hogs have a
    minimum of ¾” hair on their body (does not include
    ears or tail). Please maintain at lease ¾” hair
    length on the body of the pigs.
  3. Prefer the showman’s stance and posture to be more upright rather
    than bent over.
  4. Showman will be expected to pen their hogs.
  5. Keep their eye on the judge.
  6. Light weight show crops (whips, pvc, plastics) are preferred
    over blunt wooden canes.

Sarah M. Smith

Area Extension Faculty–Animal Sciences

WSU Grant-Adams Extension


*This page provides links to external sites for the convenience of users. These external sites are not managed by the WSU Extension. Furthermore, WSU Extension does not review, control or take responsibility for the content of these sites, nor do these sites implicitly or explicitly represent official positions and policies of WSU Extension. Reference to commercial services, non-4-H activities, products or trade names is made with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement by WSU Extension or 4-H is implied.

Extension is for Everyone

Extension programs and policies are consistent with federal and state laws and regulations on nondiscrimination regarding race; sex/gender; sexual orientation; gender identity/expression; religion; age; color; creed; national or ethnic origin; physical, mental, or sensory disability, including disability requiring the use of a trained service animal; marital status, genetic information, and/or status as an honorably discharged veteran or member of the military. Report concerns to, 509-335-8288, or your local Extension office. Requests for special accommodations at Lincoln-Adams Extension Events can be made at least two weeks in advance by calling 509-659-3209 or 509-725-4171.

Livestock Resource List   See NEW Beef & Swine Judging Publications & links to Livestock Carcass Calculator!

Randy Williams

Randy Williams

Lincoln-Adams Co.
4-H Program Coordinator

My name is Randy Williams and I became the Lincoln/Adams 4-H Program Coordinator in November, 2015.

I am originally from the Reardan/Davenport area where I was raised on a wheat and cattle operation. I graduated high school from Reardan and received my Bachelors Degree in Agricultural Education and Masters Degree in Animal Science from WSU where I conducted meat animal research, taught the Advanced Livestock Selection course and coached the Collegiate Livestock Judging team. My teaching career has spanned over 34 years at Ephrata, Mead and Medical Lake High Schools. I served as Ag teacher and FFA Advisor and am honored to have positively influenced the lives of thousands of kids during my professional career. I also have and continue to serve as Beef Cattle Judge at many county and regional shows across the northwest and California.

My 4-H Program Coordinator responsibilities:

  • Provide oversight and leadership.
  • Manage the 90+ volunteer leaders for the 12+ 4-H clubs and over 230 members with a focus on Animal Science.
  • Develop, promote and facilitate 4-H youth development education programs such as clinics, shows and competitions.

I am excited and look forward to the opportunity to serve YOU!
Randy Williams
 Phone 509-725-4171

Dr. Paul Kuber

Dr. Paul Kuber

NE Washington Regional
Livestock Extension Specialist

Dr. Paul Kuber has been the WSU NE Washington Regional Livestock Extension Specialist since February 1, 2015. Paul serves a multi-county region across northeastern Washington and is headquartered at the Lincoln County WSU Extension Office in Davenport.

Paul comes to us from Ohio State University where he has held teaching, research, and extension appointments since 2004. Prior to that time he was on the Animal and Veterinary Sciences Faculty at the University of Idaho. Paul completed his PhD in Animal Sciences at WSU in 2001, MS in Animal Science at the University of Nebraska, and BS in Animal Science Cal State Fresno.
WSU Extension Davenport Office:
509-725 4171 Tues – Thursday
WSU Extension Spokane Office:
Lauren Hrncirik, M.S. continues in her role as the 4-H Youth Development Regional Specialist for the Grant-Adams Lincoln Area and Karen Robertson continues in her WSU Extension Program Support Role, assisting Lincoln-(East) Adams WSU faculty, volunteers, and the 4-H program.