Ornamentals Garden Centers
Home gardening is considered the nation’s most popular past-time. The National Gardening Association is widely recognized authority on the consumer lawn and garden market in the U.S. Since 1973, NGA has worked with the Gallup Organization to provide market research information for the lawn, garden, and nursery industries. In a survey released in March of 2004, eight out of ten U.S. households (78%) or 84 million households participated in one or more types of do-it-yourself indoor and outdoor lawn and garden activities in 2003. That is about the same number seen in 2002 and one of the highest levels of participation seen in the past 5 years.
The National Gardening Association reports that consumers spent an average of $457 per household on their lawns and gardens in 2003. Over the past 5 years, average annual spending has averaged $465. As for the total U.S. lawn and garden retail sales, on average American consumers spent a total of $38.4 billion on their lawns and gardens in 2003. That was about the same level of spending seen the last three years. Over the 1999–2003 time frame total lawn and garden sales increased at a compound annual growth rate of 5%. From 1998–2003 lawn and garden sales increased from $30.2 billion in 1998 to $38.4 billion in 2003.
In terms of demographics the most important consumers of lawn and garden products are men, people 45 and older, college graduates, households with no children at home, households in the Northeast, South and West, married households, 2-person households, and households with annual incomes over $75,000.
A full service independent garden center typically offers a much greater array of products as opposed to a mass merchandiser. Shoppers who frequent the discount and home improvement chains are generally shopping with an eye towards price as opposed to service, selection, and individual plant quality. Independents need to build their reputations on providing a full service environment with an extensive product line. While the independent can supply commonly used plants these need to be sold in much larger sizes. Higher prices can be used to attract shoppers as well. Larger plant material, offered in a larger selection of cultivars, will be a natural draw for the discriminating consumer. Choices appeal to shoppers looking for a product that unique. Choices appeal to a consumer’s love of individuality.
Garden center sales typically begin in earnest in the month of February as the day length increases and the weather warms. In order to entice shoppers to peruse plants during the late winter most garden center operators turn to greenhouses to keep shoppers out of the elements. While low tech poly greenhouses can be used for displaying plants more sophisticated establishments utilize taller structures which provide:
- Better light transmission
- Moor shopping room
- Improved air circulation
- Stronger roof systems to hang hanging baskets
Zoning for Garden Centers
Clark County Development Services generally favorably at the development of commercial nurseries predominantly marketing locally produced plants and associated landscaping materials as set forth under Title 40: Uniformed Development Code. For land zoned as Agricultural, Wildlife, Forestry, or Rural. The garden center will be approved if:
- The site of the proposed use is adequate in size and shape to accommodate the proposed use;
- All setbacks, spaces, walls and fences, parking, loading, landscaping, and other features required by this title are provided;
- The proposed use is compatible with neighborhood land use;
- The site for the proposed use relates to streets and highways adequate in width and pavement type to carry the quantity and kind of traffic generated by the proposed use;
- The proposed use will have no substantial adverse effect on abutting property or the permitted use.
More Than Just Plants
Northwest garden center owners have started to adopt the European concept of providing not only plants, but also a full line of clothing, casual furniture, pet supplies, tools, outdoor lighting, a full range of water features, as well as providing food and beverages. At the higher end garden centers 80% of the sales are to 20% of the customers. By providing a true shopping experience wise retailers can develop a niche market that can withstand the pressure of discounters. In fact some owners report that they like the presence of the chain store nearby as it increases the appeal of their higher end store.
There are a number of important industry associations worth belonging to for those in the garden center retail market:
- Garden Centers of America (GCA)
- Mail-order Gardening Association (MGA)
- American Nursery and Landscape Association
- Oregon Association of Nurseries
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