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Articles that describe Ripple Effect Mapping:

Ripple effect mapping: A “radiant” way to capture program impacts.
Hansen Kollock, D. A., Flage, L., Chazdon, S., Paine, N., & Higgins, L. (2012).  Journal of Extension [On-line], 50(5) Article 5TOT6. Available at:

Using Ripple Effect Mapping to Evaluate Program Impact: Choosing or Combining the Methods That Work Best for You.
Emery, M., Higgins, L., Chazdon, S., and Hansen, D. (2015). Journal of Extension [On-line], 53(2) Article 2TOT1. Available at:

Articles that reference Ripple Effect Mapping:

Evaluating for Public Value: Clarifying the Relationship Between Public Value and Program Evaluation.
Chazdon, S., and Paine, N. (2014). Journal of Human Sciences and Extension. Volume 2, Number 2. Available at:

Capturing the Ripples from Community-Driven Business Retention and Expansion Programs.
Darger, M. (2012). (2014). Journal of Extension [On-line], 52(2) Article 2TOT6. Available at:

References that support the concept:

Baker, B., Calvert, M., Emery, M., Enfield, R., Williams, B. (2011). Contribution of 4-H participation to the development of social capital: What are we learning? Presentation to USDA.

Buzan, T. (2003). The mind map book. London: BBC Books.

Cooperrider, D.L. & Whitney, D. (2007). Appreciative inquiry: A positive revolution in change.  Pp. 73-88 in P. Holman & T. Devane (eds.), The Change Handbook, 2nd edition.   San Francisco:  Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.

Douthwaite, B., Alvarez, S., Thiele, G., & MacKay, R. (2008). Participatory impact pathways analysis: A practical method for project planning and evaluation. ILAC Brief 17.

Emery, M., & Flora, C.B. (2006). Spiraling-up: Mapping community transformation with community capitals framework. Community Development: Journal of the Community Development Society 37(1), 19-35.

Hearn, S. (2010). Introduction to outcome mapping. Presentation on

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (2006). Management for development results – Principles in action: Sourcebook on emerging good practices. Retrieved from

Outcome Mapping Learning Community (2011).

Participatory Impact Pathways Analysis Wiki (2011).

Van Ongevalle, J. & Huyse, H. (2010). Dealing with complex reality in planning, monitoring and evaluation – Choosing the most suitable approach for a specific context. Working paper retrieved from