Practicing and offering 4-H public presentations give youth an ideal opportunity to stretch and grow in the “mastery” (one the the 4, Essential Elements of 4-H) of their 4-H projects. Settings that promote mastery – like 4-H Club meetings, County Fair, State Fair – encourage youth to take risks, seek out challenges, and focus on self-improvement rather than comparing themselves to their peers.
As youth prepare to give presentations, please check out our publication Getting to the Point: How to Do a 4-H Public Presentation
Types of 4-H Presentations
- A DEMONSTRATION puts words into action. An effective demonstration teaches others how to do something by showing while telling. At the end of a demonstration, you should have a finished product to show your audience.
Sample titles include: how to cook an egg, how to groom a dog, how to needle-felt
- An ILLUSTRATED TALK makes us of posters, pictures, PowerPoint (for Junior, Intermediate, and Senior 4-Hers), or other visuals to show how to do something or illustrate a process. No finished product is required.
Sample titles include: how to plan a garden, how to distinguish horse markings, how to lead a fun and effective carwash
- PUBLIC SPEAKING is a prepared speech on a specific subject for an audience. Usually, no props or visual aids are used. 4-Hers use this type of presentation to teach, entertain, and/or inform their audiences.
Sample titles include: why I like the 4-H cat project, 4-H around the world, what compassion looks like in my community
Recommended Time Limits for 4-H Presentations
For demonstrations and illustrated talks the minimum time is 3 minutes and the maximum is 20 minutes, depending on 4-H “age” (your age on Oct. 1 of the current 4-H year). For public speeches the minimum time is 5 minutes and a maximum time is 10 minutes (at State Fair, a penalty of 5 points per minute under or over is deducted).
|4-H Age Division
||5-7 years old
||Less than 5 minutes
||8-10 years old
||11-13 years old
||14-<19 years old
4-H Presentation Resources
Educational Requirements for Fair and Year End Completion (Clallam County)
Demonstration Procedure (Clallam County)
How To Make a Public Presentation (WSU)
Public Speaking (WSU)
Public Presentation Scoresheet (WSU)